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Running total in SQL
 
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Using a correlated subquery to produce a running total (or running balance) column.
Views: 10608 Barry Brown
SQL - Full course for beginners
 
04:20:39
In this course, we'll be looking at database management basics and SQL using the MySQL RDBMS. The course is designed for beginners to SQL and database management systems, and will introduce common database management topics. Throughout the course we'll be looking at various topics including schema design, basic C.R.U.D operations, aggregation, nested queries, joins, keys and much more. 🔗Company Database Code: https://www.giraffeacademy.com/databases/sql/creating-company-database/ ⭐️ Contents ⭐ ⌨️ (0:00) Introduction ⌨️ (2:36) What is a Database? ⌨️ (23:10) Tables & Keys ⌨️ (43:31) SQL Basics ⌨️ (52:26) MySQL Windows Installation ⌨️ (1:01:59) MySQL Mac Installation ⌨️ (1:15:49) Creating Tables ⌨️ (1:31:05) Inserting Data ⌨️ (1:38:17) Constraints ⌨️ (1:48:11) Update & Delete ⌨️ (1:56:11) Basic Queries ⌨️ (2:08:37) Company Database Intro ⌨️ (2:14:05) Creating Company Database ⌨️ (2:30:27 ) More Basic Queries ⌨️ (2:26:24) Functions ⌨️ (2:45:13) Wildcards ⌨️ (2:53:53) Union ⌨️ (3:01:36) Joins ⌨️ (3:11:49) Nested Queries ⌨️ (3:21:52) On Delete ⌨️ (3:30:05) Triggers ⌨️ (3:42:12) ER Diagrams Intro ⌨️ (3:55:53) Designing an ER Diagram ⌨️ (4:08:34) Converting ER Diagrams to Schemas Course developed by Mike Dane. Check out his YouTube channel for more great programming courses: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvmINlrza7JHB1zkIOuXEbw 🐦Follow Mike on Twitter: https://twitter.com/GiraffeAcademy 🔗The Giraffe Academy website: http://www.giraffeacademy.com/ -- Learn to code for free and get a developer job: https://www.freecodecamp.org Read hundreds of articles on programming: https://medium.freecodecamp.org And subscribe for new videos on technology every day: https://youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=freecodecamp
Views: 730219 freeCodeCamp.org
Calculate running total in SQL Server 2012
 
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running total sql server cumulative total in ms sql server running total column In this video we will discuss how to calculate running total in SQL Server 2012 and later versions. We will use the following Employees table for the examples in this video. SQL Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go SQL Query to compute running total without partitions SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (ORDER BY ID) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees SQL Query to compute running total with partitions SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY ID) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees What happens if I use order by on Salary column If you have duplicate values in the Salary column, all the duplicate values will be added to the running total at once. In the example below notice that we have 5000 repeated 3 times. So 15000 (i.e 5000 + 5000 + 5000) is added to the running total at once. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, SUM(Salary) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS RunningTotal FROM Employees So when computing running total, it is better to use a column that has unique data in the ORDER BY clause. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/calculate-running-total-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/calculate-running-total-in-sql-server_3.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 53592 kudvenkat
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 169250 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Oracle SQL Tutorial 11 - CREATE TABLE
 
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The way you create a table is to use the CREATE TABLE command. CREATE TABLE users() So in this situation, the name comes right after the TABLE keyword. The next thing we do is put all of the columns on a line that we want to put in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id, username, first_name, last_name ) Notice the naming conventions here. For this series we are going to make columns with what is known as snake casing. This is where each individual word is separated by an underscore. if you have more than one column, all of them have to have commas except the last one. The comma is a way to say that another column is coming, so you don't need to do it on the last one. Now you would think we were done, but we also have to say what data type each column is. Later we will extensively discuss data types so we can focus on them exclusively. For now, here are the data types we are going to use: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50), first_name VARCHAR2(50), last_name VARCHAR2(50) ) Now, inside of the parenthesis for varchar2, we pass in a number... This is the max length of the string. But the question is, what is it measured in? The default is actually in bytes, not characters. For example if we have the string hello, it is 5 characters, but it might take up a total of 10 bytes of storage. So I would recommend adding the keyword char right after the number so it defaults to 50 characters, not bytes. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR), first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) This will work to create a table, but it's really missing a lot of information… which column is the primary key? Are we adding any indexes? Is there any thing else we need to say about these columns? So as you can tell, we are making progress, but there is still so much to learn. The biggest gotcha to remember from this video is that the data type VARCHAR ends in a 2, stupid, right? who would end the name of something with a 2? Once again, this is Caleb from CalebTheVideoMaker2, and we will catch you in the next one! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 32166 Caleb Curry
Over clause in SQL Server
 
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over partition by in sql server 2008 sql server over clause partition partition by clause in sql server 2008 over partition by clause in sql In this video we will discuss the power and use of Over clause in SQL Server. The OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY is used to break up data into partitions. Syntax : function (...) OVER (PARTITION BY col1, Col2, ...) The specified function operates for each partition. For example : COUNT(Gender) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender) will partition the data by GENDER i.e there will 2 partitions (Male and Female) and then the COUNT() function is applied over each partition. Any of the following functions can be used. Please note this is not the complete list. COUNT(), AVG(), SUM(), MIN(), MAX(), ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), DENSE_RANK() etc. Example : SQl Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go Write a query to retrieve total count of employees by Gender. Also in the result we want Average, Minimum and Maximum salary by Gender. This can be very easily achieved using a simple GROUP BY query as show below. SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender What if we want non-aggregated values (like employee Name and Salary) in result set along with aggregated values You cannot include non-aggregated columns in the GROUP BY query. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender The above query will result in the following error : Column 'Employees.Name' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause One way to achieve this is by including the aggregations in a subquery and then JOINING it with the main query as shown in the example below. Look at the amount of T-SQL code we have to write. SELECT Name, Salary, Employees.Gender, Genders.GenderTotals, Genders.AvgSal, Genders.MinSal, Genders.MaxSal FROM Employees INNER JOIN (SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender) AS Genders ON Genders.Gender = Employees.Gender Better way of doing this is by using the OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(Gender) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MaxSal FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server_29.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 84946 kudvenkat
Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners   85   Find the Total Number of Rows
 
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Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners Series. This course introduces Oracle SQL Development for its subscribers. Currently this is based on Oracle 12c. The test environment is in Windows 10.
Views: 605 Sam Dhanasekaran
Difference Between RollUp and Cube in Oracle
 
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cube and rollup in oracle with example difference between rollup and cube in oracle oracle cube tutorial oracle grouping sets oracle rollup grand total subtotal and grand total in oracle
Views: 15 Adam Tech
SQL Total Column Count in One Shot
 
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SQL Tut, Column Count in One Shot, Count Column without Order by & group by Thanks and Regards, Kashmiri Cheetah
Views: 808 Amir Muzaffar
SQL Tutorial - 13: Inserting Data Into a Table From Another Table
 
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In this tutorial we'll learn to use the INSERT Query to copy data from one table into another.
Views: 247080 The Bad Tutorials
Oracle Partition By clause, Oracle Analytic Functions tutorial
 
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More about analytic functions, visit http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com Oracle Analytic Functions and Over By Partition clause enable calculating cumulative and moving aggregates returning multiple rows for each group.
SQL: Lag
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lag function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2097 radhikaravikumar
PIVOT Tutorial - generating dynamic column with PIVOT Interview Question SQL
 
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In this lecture you will learn about PIVOT operator and using it to generate dynamic columns.PIVOT is very use full operator to convert values into columns. PIVOT: •Convert your output from (values)vertical order to horizontal(making columns) one Topic to cover: •PIVOT example •PIVOT syntax •Interview Question •PIVOT on northwind •Dynamic PIVOT query http://www.techsapphire.in/index/pivot_sql_lesson_with_generating_dynamic_columns_with_pivot/0-158
Views: 28838 techsapphire
Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners  15   SELECT COUNT
 
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Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners Series. This course introduces Oracle SQL Development for its subscribers. Currently this is based on Oracle 12c. The test environment is in Windows 10.
Views: 2848 Sam Dhanasekaran
Table Total and Formating Oracle ADF Jdeveloper 11g R2
 
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Table Total and Formating Oracle ADF Jdeveloper 11g R2
Views: 7875 Adeel Ahmed
How to sum value in Oracle SQL
 
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How to sum value in Oracle SQL
Views: 65 Tanmun
Oracle SQL Developer 101: A Desktop Tour
 
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A how-to video, showing you around the desktop panels in Oracle Database's IDE and GUI. See how to put stuff where you want, and how to fix the desktop when it becomes a 'mess.'
Views: 4574 Jeff Smith
Oracle Data Visualization cumulative sum
 
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How to create a cumulative sum within Oracle Data Visualization
Views: 246 Thomas Walsh
How to Join 3 tables in 1 SQL query
 
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Get your first month on the Joes 2 Pros Academy for just $1 with code YOUTUBE1. Visit http://www.joes2pros.com Offer expires July 1, 2015 From the newly released 2 Disc DVD set (SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros Vol2) this video shows how to join 3 tables in 1 query.
Views: 251479 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Oracel SQL -  Running Sum or Running Total and Percent of Total
 
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Running Sum or Running Total : syntax sum([measure_column]) over (order by [dimension_column] now running sum is displayed for each employee if we need restart the running sum by Gender here running sum is calculated separately for M and F Total salary to F = 250000 Total salary to M = 130000 What happens if we don't add order by? total 250000 for each gender is displayed at all rows if we want to display the total sum of salary at each row total sum(salary) is displayed at each row ----- Using this value we can calculate % of total select emp_name,gender,salary, sum(salary) over (order by emp_id)as Running_sum, round((salary/sum(salary) over())*100,2) as Perc_of_Total from employee
Views: 105 Data Disc
Learning PL/SQL programming
 
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Download the session ppts @ https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_2D199JLIIpLXp5cm9QMFpVS00/view?usp=sharing 3:05 - Procedures 6:48 - Cursors 15:13 - Functions 16:36 - Triggers 21:35 - Package 23:59 - Exceptions
Views: 134715 BBarters
SQL Inner Join Multiple Tables with SUM Tutorial - SQL 2008/2012/2016/2017
 
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Use inner joins with multiple tables to create reports. Uses aliases, and the SUM aggregate function to demonstrate the flexibility of the join statement. Get the SQL script to create the database and run the exercies in the video here: https://www.qewbi.com/sql/scripts/qewbijoins.zip
Views: 136209 Edward Kench
SQL Tutorial For Beginners | Learn SQL Basic to Advance
 
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SQL Tutorial For Beginners | Learn SQL Basic to Advance Learn More about SQL @ https://goo.gl/oRjLfu In this SQL Tutorial, you Learn everything about using SQL for managing databases. SQL is a standard language for storing, manipulating and retrieving data in databases. Our tutorial will teach you how to use SQL in MySQL Server, MS Access, Oracle, Sybase, Informix, Postgres, and other database systems. Source NewBoston: https://goo.gl/3NzveD Timestamps 0:00 Introduction to Databases 7:32 SQL Server 12:04 Creating a Database 21:40 SHOW and SELECT 28:19 Rules for SQL Statements 32:30 Getting Multiple Columns 37:41 Distinct and LIMIT 43:29 Sorting Results 50:25 Sort Direction 54:42 Data Filtering and WHERE 59:38 Advanced Filtering Using AND and OR 1:06:33 IN ,NOT IN 1:12:52 Search Engines Work 1:19:19 More on Wildcards 1:22:33 Regular Expressions 1:30:05 Custom Columns 1:38:49 Functions 1:45:02 Aggregate Functions 1:52:59 GROUP BY 2:00:19 Subqueries (watch this https://youtu.be/iq52vhD45A4 ) 2:06:28 Another Subquery Example 2:13:37 Join Tables 2:22:05 Outer Joins 2:30:12 UNION 2:35:34 Text Searching 2:42:39 INSERT INTO 2:50:45 Insert Multiple Rows 2:59:26 UPDATE & DELETE 3:07:13 CREATE TABLE 3:14:19 NOT NULL & AUTO INCREMENT 3:21:25 ALTER / DROP / RENAME TABLE 3:27:30 Views 3:36:38 General Tips #SQL #SQLTutorial. #LearnSQL
Views: 81906 Extern Code
Learn SQL in 1 Hour - SQL Basics for Beginners
 
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A crash course in SQL. How to write SQL from scratch in 1 hour. In this video I show you how to write SQL using SQL Server and SQL Server Management Studio. We go through Creating a Database, Creating Tables, Inserting, Updating, Deleting, Selecting, Grouping, Summing, Indexing, Joining, and every basic you need to get starting writing SQL. TABLE OF CONTENTS Skip Intro/Discuss Management Studio 3:27 Create Database 5:10 Create Table 7:26 Insert Data 10:29 Select Statement 17:43 Where Clause 19:00 Update Statement 22:25 Delete Statement 24:33 Adding Comments 27:41 Adding Columns 29:33 Drop Table 32:38 Add Primary Key 33:17 Create Products Table 36:00 Create Orders Table 38:54 Foreign Keys 45:37 Joins 50:30 Functions/Group By 56:50 READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE WITH SQL SCRIPTS HERE http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/learn-basic-sql-course/ YOUTUBE NEWS UPDATES http://www.youtube.com/user/sqltrainingonline VISIT SQLTRAININGONLINE.COM FOR TONS MORE VIDEO NEWS & TIPS http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SUBSCRIBE FOR OTHER SQL TIPS AND NEWS! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=sqltrainingonline SUBSCRIBE TO OUR EMAIL LIST! http://www.sqltrainingonline.com LET'S CONNECT! Google+: http://gplus.to/SQLTrainingOnline Facebook: http://facebook.com/SQLTrainingOnline Twitter: http://twitter.com/sql_by_joey Linkedin: http://linkedin.com/in/joeyblue SQLTrainingOnline: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com
Views: 807024 Joey Blue
Part 1   How to find nth highest salary in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-1-how-to-find-nth-highest-salary_17.html This is a very common SQL Server Interview Question. There are several ways of finding the nth highest salary. By the end of this video, we will be able to answer all the following questions as well. How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a Sub-Query How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a CTE How to find the 2nd, 3rd or 15th highest salary Let's use the following Employees table for this demo Use the following script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int primary key identity, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', 'Pound', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Philip', 'Hastings', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values ('Valarie', 'Vikings', 'Female', 35000) Insert into Employees values ('John', 'Stanmore', 'Male', 80000) GO To find the highest salary it is straight forward. We can simply use the Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees To get the second highest salary use a sub query along with Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees where Salary [ (Select Max(Salary) from Employees) To find nth highest salary using Sub-Query SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT TOP N SALARY FROM EMPLOYEES ORDER BY SALARY DESC ) RESULT ORDER BY SALARY To find nth highest salary using CTE WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS DENSERANK FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE DENSERANK = N To find 2nd highest salary we can use any of the above queries. Simple replace N with 2. Similarly, to find 3rd highest salary, simple replace N with 3. Please Note: On many of the websites, you may have seen that, the following query can be used to get the nth highest salary. The below query will only work if there are no duplicates. WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS ROWNUMBER FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE ROWNUMBER = 3
Views: 887481 kudvenkat
Oracle SQL Training Bangladesh : sum
 
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Oracle SQL Training Bangladesh : Group Function sum
Views: 94 devnetbd devnetit
Oracle Analytic Functions
 
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Learn Advanced Oracle Analytic Functions. SQL is a language that allows you to perform queries to answer a wide range of questions about your data. While standard SQL is quite powerful, there are many questions that it cannot answer at all or that it can only answer with complex and inefficient SQL workarounds. Questions about running totals, percent of total, and ranking within a group fall into this area. Also, more complex issues such as Top-N within a group and aggregates over a range also fall in this arena. These questions can be easily answered via a new class of SQL statements called Analytic Functions. This presentation will show you how to use Oracle's Analytic Function extensions to SQL to answer these questions simply and efficiently.
Views: 4842 SkillBuilders
Oracle SQL Tutorial 1 - Intro to Oracle Database
 
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As illustrated in the video, Oracle Database is a program designed to hold lots of information, or data. There are all kinds of different databases and they all have their uses. Some of the most common ones are MySQL, SQL Server, Sybase, and MongoDB. All of these have different uses. The differences will be easier to understand after you learn more about each kind of database. We did not discuss it much in the video, but if you are wondering what “SQL” means in the title, it stands for structured query language. Structured query language is a human readable computer language that is used to tell databases to do things. We will discuss SQL and Oracle SQL Developer more in future videos. Databases are better than spreadsheets because they allow multiple users at one time, different levels of access given to users, recovery options and transactions, and it is more protected from hacking and malicious destruction. Programming languages often have very useful functions or methods that can be used to communicate to a database and therefore they are a naturally good option for the back end of programs. This course will go over all of the major parts of database programming using Oracle SQL. We will be using Oracle 11g, but these videos should still work with other versions, including the most recent 12c. Q and A ~~~~~~ How much does Oracle cost? The full enterprise edition costs thousands. They have other versions for less and they even have a FREE VERSION! This is known as the XE version (eXpress Edition). That is the one we will be using. How long does it take to learn SQL? You can learn all of the basics and be an efficient beginner database developer in only about a month of practice. To become an intermediate it can take anywhere from an additional 3 - 6 months with a only a few hours of studying and practicing each day. How can I learn SQL faster? Take notes and actually mess around with making your own database. Watch these videos until you understand the concepts within them, read articles and books that teach in more depth. Enjoy this content? You might enjoy my programming videos. Pick one and have some fun! 🙂 Learn Javascript - http://bit.ly/JavaScriptPlaylist Learn Java - http://bit.ly/JavaPlaylist Learn C# - http://bit.ly/CSharpTutorialsPlaylist Learn C++ - http://bit.ly/CPlusPlusPlaylist Learn C - http://bit.ly/CTutorialsPlaylist Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry. Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://Twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 326796 Caleb Curry
P#2 Max salary from each department in Oracle SQL Database -Interview question
 
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Interview question on Oracle SQL ,how to find Maximum salary / Total from each department in Oracle SQL Database which is group by based question oracle interview questions and answers for experienced it will cover the following interview question 1) How to find total number of employees from each department 2) How to find minimum salary from each department 3) How to find average salary from each department 4) How to find maximum salary from each department 5) How to find sum of salary from each department This series is based on Oracle interview question and we will cover most asked interview question in Oracle SQL Database Interview question face by fresher as well as an experienced software engineer frequently asked question for fresher will cover following things 1)advance Oracle SQL Database interview question as well 2)interview questions and answers on oracle SQL database 3)interview questions and answers for freshers 4)oracle interview questions and answers for experienced 5)interview preparation 6)sql interview questions 7)sql telephonic interview 8) oracle interview questions and answers for 3 years experience follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR #equalConnectCoach #rakeshmalviya #interviewquestion
Views: 76 EqualConnect Coach
Difference between where and having in sql server
 
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sql server where vs having sql server group by where having group by having sql server In this vide we will discuss the difference between where and having caluses in sql server. Let us understand the difference with an example. To calculate total sales by product, we would write a GROUP BY query as shown below SELECT Product, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY Product Now if we want to find only those products where the total sales amount is greater than $1000, we will use HAVING clause to filter products SELECT Product, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY Product HAVING SUM(SaleAmount) ] 1000 If we use WHERE clause instead of HAVING clause, we will get a syntax error. This is because the WHERE clause doesn’t work with aggregate functions like sum, min, max, avg, etc. SELECT Product, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY Product WHERE SUM(SaleAmount) ] 1000 So in short, the difference is WHERE clause cannot be used with aggregates where as HAVING can. However, there are other differences as well that we need to keep in mind when using WHERE and HAVING clauses. WHERE clause filters rows before aggregate calculations are performed where as HAVING clause filters rows after aggregate calculations are performed. Let us understand this with an example. Total sales of iPhone and Speakers can be calculated by using either WHERE or HAVING clause Calculate Total sales of iPhone and Speakers using WHERE clause : In this example the WHERE clause retrieves only iPhone and Speaker products and then performs the sum. SELECT Product, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales WHERE Product in ('iPhone', 'Speakers') GROUP BY Product Calculate Total sales of iPhone and Speakers using HAVING clause : This example retrieves all rows from Sales table, performs the sum and then removes all products except iPhone and Speakers. SELECT Product, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY Product HAVING Product in ('iPhone', 'Speakers') So from a performance standpoint, HAVING is slower than WHERE and should be avoided when possible. Another difference is WHERE comes before GROUP BY and HAVING comes after GROUP BY. Difference between WHERE and Having 1. WHERE clause cannot be used with aggregates where as HAVING can. This means WHERE clause is used for filtering individual rows where as HAVING clause is used to filter groups. 2. WHERE comes before GROUP BY. This means WHERE clause filters rows before aggregate calculations are performed. HAVING comes after GROUP BY. This means HAVING clause filters rows after aggregate calculations are performed. So from a performance standpoint, HAVING is slower than WHERE and should be avoided when possible. 3. WHERE and HAVING can be used together in a SELECT query. In this case WHERE clause is applied first to filter individual rows. The rows are then grouped and aggregate calculations are performed, and then the HAVING clause filters the groups. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/difference-between-where-and-having-in.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/difference-between-where-and-having-in_15.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html Full SQL Server Course https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4cyC4G0M1RQ_Rm52cQ4CcOJ_T_HXeMB4 All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 67580 kudvenkat
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions
 
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For the best book on T-SQL click here: https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0735685045/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1634&creative=6738&creativeASIN=0735685045&linkCode=as2&tag=beardeddev-21&linkId=2e450454659d4279f54dd188d24bc011 Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. In this video we begin to explore Window Functions and their purpose within SQL Server. Window Functions are used for performing data analysis calculations and address an important need compared to the GROUP BY clause that we are able to return the underlying data in the same query. This video shows an example of the differences between the GROUP BY clause and Window Functions. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. We look at the OVER clause and PARTITION BY. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. Code: WITH CTE AS ( SELECT Sales_Id , SUM(Line_Total) AS Total FROM Sales_Details GROUP BY Sales_Id ) SELECT * FROM CTE AS A INNER JOIN Sales_Details AS B ON A.Sales_Id = B.Sales_Id SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Item , Price , Quantity , Line_Total , COUNT(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Line_Count , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Sales_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Date) AS Daily_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER() AS Total FROM Sales_Details ORDER BY Sales_Total
Views: 9440 BeardedDev
Calculate Running Total in SQL Server
 
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Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg A running total is the summation of a sequence of numbers which is updated each time a new number is added to the sequence, by adding the value of the new number to the previous running total. We can calculate Running Total with these three methods Using Joins Correlated Scalar Over By Clause
Views: 1502 IT Port
Implementing a total using Oracle ADF - ADF Insider Essentials
 
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Often in an application you will want to display a sum or total of a particular attribute, for example the total salaries in a department. In this ADF Insider Essential you will see how you can implement using a Groovy expression.
Views: 5761 ADFInsiderEssentials
What the PARTITION BY clause does in Analytic Functions Oracle SQL
 
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In this tutorial video we will learn how to use PARTITION BY clause in Analytic Functions Oracle SQL
Views: 1795 Spod ssppoodd
Rank and Dense Rank in SQL Server
 
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rank and dense_rank example difference between rank and dense_rank with example rank vs dense_rank in sql server 2008 sql server difference between rank and dense_rank In this video we will discuss Rank and Dense_Rank functions in SQL Server Rank and Dense_Rank functions Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns a rank starting at 1 based on the ordering of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, rank is reset to 1 when the partition changes Difference between Rank and Dense_Rank functions Rank function skips ranking(s) if there is a tie where as Dense_Rank will not. For example : If you have 2 rows at rank 1 and you have 5 rows in total. RANK() returns - 1, 1, 3, 4, 5 DENSE_RANK returns - 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 Syntax : RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions without PARTITION BY clause : In this example, data is not partitioned, so RANK() function provides a consecutive numbering except when there is a tie. Rank 2 is skipped as there are 2 rows at rank 1. The third row gets rank 3. DENSE_RANK() on the other hand will not skip ranks if there is a tie. The first 2 rows get rank 1. Third row gets rank 2. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions with PARTITION BY clause : Notice when the partition changes from Female to Male Rank is reset to 1 SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees Use case for RANK and DENSE_RANK functions : Both these functions can be used to find Nth highest salary. However, which function to use depends on what you want to do when there is a tie. Let me explain with an example. If there are 2 employees with the FIRST highest salary, there are 2 different business cases 1. If your business case is, not to produce any result for the SECOND highest salary, then use RANK function 2. If your business case is to return the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary, then use DENSE_RANK function Since we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Rank() function will not return any rows for the SECOND highest Salary. WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 Though we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Dense_Rank() function returns, the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 You can also use RANK and DENSE_RANK functions to find the Nth highest Salary among Male or Female employee groups. The following query finds the 3rd highest salary amount paid among the Female employees group WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, Gender, DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 3 AND Gender = 'Female' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server_1.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 74261 kudvenkat
SQL Crash Course - Beginner to Intermediate
 
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In this course we will cover all of the fundamentals of the SQL (Structured Query Language). This course is great for beginners and also intermediates. We will cover the following... Overview of SQL Create, alter and delete databases & tables Query a database using multiple operators Data types Insert, update and delete records Join tables together Use aliases Constraints (Primary, foreign) Indexes WANT MORE? CHECK OUT MY SQL COURSE: https://www.eduonix.com/affiliates/id/16-10034 SPONSORS: DevMountain Bootcamp - https://goo.gl/6q0dEa
Views: 568640 Traversy Media
How to Code Oracle Analytic Functions
 
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Many more free Oracle Database and SQL tutorials at http://skillbuilders.com/free-oracle-tutorials. SQL is a language that allows you to perform queries to answer a wide range of questions about your data. While standard SQL is quite powerful, there are many questions that it cannot answer at all or that it can only answer with complex and inefficient SQL workarounds. Questions about running totals, percent of total, and ranking within a group fall into this area. Also, more complex issues such as Top-N within a group and aggregates over a range also fall in this arena. These questions can be easily answered via a new class of SQL statements called Analytic Functions. This presentation will show you how to use Oracle's Analytic Function extensions to SQL to answer these questions simply and efficiently.
Views: 26100 SkillBuilders
Part 2   SQL query to get organization hierarchy
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-2-sql-query-to-get-organization.html To get the best out of this video, the following concepts need to be understood first. These are already discussed in SQL Server Tutorial. 1. Self-Join - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qnYSN_7qwgg 2. CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXB5b-7HJHk 3. Recursive CTE - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGoV0wTMCg0 Here is the problem definition: 1. Employees table contains the following columns a) EmployeeId, b) EmployeeName c) ManagerId 2. If an EmployeeId is passed, the query should list down the entire organization hierarchy i.e who is the manager of the EmployeeId passed and who is managers manager and so on till full hierarchy is listed. For example, Scenario 1: If we pass David's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from David. Scenario 2: If we pass Lara's EmployeeId to the query, then it should display the organization hierarchy starting from Lara. We will be Employees table for this demo. SQL to create and populate Employees table with test data Create table Employees ( EmployeeID int primary key identity, EmployeeName nvarchar(50), ManagerID int foreign key references Employees(EmployeeID) ) GO Insert into Employees values ('John', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Tom', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Lara', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Simon', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('David', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Stacy', NULL) Insert into Employees values ('Sam', NULL) GO Update Employees Set ManagerID = 8 Where EmployeeName IN ('Mark', 'Steve', 'Lara') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 2 Where EmployeeName IN ('Stacy', 'Simon') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 3 Where EmployeeName IN ('Tom') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 5 Where EmployeeName IN ('John', 'Sam') Update Employees Set ManagerID = 4 Where EmployeeName IN ('David') GO Here is the SQL that does the job Declare @ID int ; Set @ID = 7; WITH EmployeeCTE AS ( Select EmployeeId, EmployeeName, ManagerID From Employees Where EmployeeId = @ID UNION ALL Select Employees.EmployeeId , Employees.EmployeeName, Employees.ManagerID From Employees JOIN EmployeeCTE ON Employees.EmployeeId = EmployeeCTE.ManagerID ) Select E1.EmployeeName, ISNULL(E2.EmployeeName, 'No Boss') as ManagerName From EmployeeCTE E1 LEFT Join EmployeeCTE E2 ON E1.ManagerID = E2.EmployeeId
Views: 279752 kudvenkat
Window functions in SQL Server
 
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sql server window function example window function sql server example sql server rows range clause sql server rows between 1 preceding and 1 following In this video we will discuss window functions in SQL Server In SQL Server we have different categories of window functions Aggregate functions - AVG, SUM, COUNT, MIN, MAX etc.. Ranking functions - RANK, DENSE_RANK, ROW_NUMBER etc.. Analytic functions - LEAD, LAG, FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE etc... OVER Clause defines the partitioning and ordering of a rows (i.e a window) for the above functions to operate on. Hence these functions are called window functions. The OVER clause accepts the following three arguments to define a window for these functions to operate on. ORDER BY : Defines the logical order of the rows PARTITION BY : Divides the query result set into partitions. The window function is applied to each partition separately. ROWSor RANGE clause : Further limits the rows within the partition by specifying start and end points within the partition. The default for ROWS or RANGE clause is RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW Let us understand the use of ROWS or RANGE clause with an example. Compute average salary and display it against every employee We might think the following query would do the job. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary) AS Average FROM Employees As you can see from the result, the above query does not produce the overall salary average. It produces the average of the current row and the rows preceeding the current row. This is because, the default value of ROWS or RANGE clause (RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) is applied. To fix this, provide an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause as shown below. ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING tells the window function to operate on the set of rows starting from the first row in the partition to the last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees The same result can also be achieved by using RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING Well, what is the difference between ROWS and RANGE We will discuss this in a later video The following query can be used if you want to compute the average salary of 1. The current row 2. One row PRECEDING the current row and 3. One row FOLLOWING the current row SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND 1 FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server_7.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 58069 kudvenkat
GROUP BY with Aggregate functions in SQL statement
 
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Using "GROUP BY" clause with Aggregate functions in SQL statement Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 39407 SQL with Manoj
Part 6   Transform rows into columns in sql server
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-6-transform-rows-into-columns-in.html This is another common sql server interview question. We will be using Countries table in this example. SQL to create the table Create Table Countries ( Country nvarchar(50), City nvarchar(50) ) GO Insert into Countries values ('USA','New York') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Houston') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Dallas') Insert into Countries values ('India','Hyderabad') Insert into Countries values ('India','Bangalore') Insert into Countries values ('India','New Delhi') Insert into Countries values ('UK','London') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Birmingham') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Manchester') Here is the interview question. Write a sql query to transpose rows to columns. Using PIVOT operator we can very easily transform rows to columns. Select Country, City1, City2, City3 From ( Select Country, City, 'City'+ cast(row_number() over(partition by Country order by Country) as varchar(10)) ColumnSequence from Countries ) Temp pivot ( max(City) for ColumnSequence in (City1, City2, City3) ) Piv
Views: 188968 kudvenkat
Part 5   SQL query to find employees hired in last n months
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-5-sql-query-to-find-employees.html This question is asked is many sql server interviews. If you have used DATEDIFF() sql server function then you already know the answer. -- Replace N with number of months Select * FROM Employees Where DATEDIFF(MONTH, HireDate, GETDATE()) Between 1 and N
Views: 169790 kudvenkat
Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners  84   SELECT EVERYTHING
 
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Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners Series. This course introduces Oracle SQL Development for its subscribers. Currently this is based on Oracle 12c. The test environment is in Windows 10.
Views: 749 Sam Dhanasekaran
SQL 095 Column Functions, SUM or How can I get the total of a column's values?
 
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Explains Column Function SUM or How to get the summation of a column. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 2453 cbtinc
Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners  12   What is a Table
 
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Oracle SQL Developer Tutorial For Beginners Series. This course introduces Oracle SQL Development for its subscribers. Currently this is based on Oracle 12c. The test environment is in Windows 10.
Views: 3214 Sam Dhanasekaran
SQL String Functions PART  -- 2
 
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sql String functions are used in computer programming languages to manipulate a string or query information about a string (some do both). ... The most basic example of a string function is the length(string) function. This function returns the length of a string literal.Scalar-valued UDFs are an easy way to define constant values to use in your database environment. You can pass field values as parameters into UDFs. You can nest scalar function calls. This means that you can pass a call to a scalar-valued function to another function or stored procedure.Numeric functions perform manipulation of numbers that normally are contained in a table column. ... Returns a numeric value, rounded to the specified length or precision. SIGN() SQL server, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL. Returns the positive (+1), zero (0), or negative (-1) sign of a numeric expression.A stored function (also called a user function or user-defined function) is a set of PL/SQL statements you can call by name. Stored functions are very similar to procedures, except that a function returns a value to the environment in which it is called. User functions can be used as part of a SQL expression.Function must return a value but in Stored Procedure it is optional( Procedure can return zero or n values). Functions can have only input parameters for it whereas Procedures can have input/output parameters . ... Functions can be called from Procedure whereas Procedures cannot be called from Function,The CTE was introduced into standard SQL in order to simplify various classes of SQL Queries for which a derived table just wasn't suitable. ... Introduced in SQL Server 2005, the common table expression (CTE) is a temporary named result set that you can reference within a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement.The isDate(string, string) function accepts two string arguments. It takes them, compares the first argument with the second as a pattern and, if the first string can be converted to a date which is valid within system value of locale , according to the specified pattern , the function returns true.printf does the same, treating %s as a pointer-to-string. In C, variables that are arrays become a pointer to the first element of the array when used as function arguments -- so your scanf() sees a pointer to memory (assuming "str1" is an array). SQL - Useful Functions SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. More items... SQL has many built-in functions for performing processing on string or numeric data. Following is the list of all useful SQL built-in functions − SQL COUNT Function - The SQL COUNT aggregate function is used to count the number of rows in a database table. SQL MAX Function - The SQL MAX aggregate function allows us to select the highest (maximum) value for a certain column. SQL MIN Function - The SQL MIN aggregate function allows us to select the lowest (minimum) value for a certain column. SQL - The SQL AVG aggregate function selects the average value for certain table column. SQL SUM Function - The SQL SUM aggregate function allows selecting the total for a numeric column. SQL SQRT Functions - This is used to generate a square root of a given number. SQL RAND Function - This is used to generate a random number using SQL command. SQL CONCAT Function - This is used to concatenate any string inside any SQL command. SQL Numeric Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate numbers in SQL. SQL String Functions - Complete list of SQL functions required to manipulate strings in SQL. Returns a Unicode string with the delimiters added to make the input string a valid SQL Server delimited identifier. REPLACE. Replaces a sequence of characters in a string with another set of characters. REPLICATE. Repeats a string value a specified number of times.SQL. Character Functions with Examples. Character functions accept character inputs and can return either characters or number values as output. SQL provides a number of different character datatypes which includes – CHAR, VARCHAR, VARCHAR2, LONG, RAW, and LONG RAW.Aggregate Functions: Aggregates the values and return a single value, below is the list of some aggregate values in sql server. These functions are created by user in the system database, and we have 3 types of user define functions: Scalar Function. Inline Table-Valued Function.
Views: 22 Technology mart
T-SQL: How to calculate the total number of working days between two dates?
 
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FULL TSQL SCRIPT IS HERE: www.dargelis.net/idea/sql-scripts/WORKING_DAYS.sql
Views: 305 Alex Dargelis
Calculating RunningTotal | Cummulative Total in SQL
 
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In this short video we learn on how to compute a Running Total field in SQL. -- Step 1: Create the Temp Dataset if object_id ('tempdb..#RunningTotal') is not null drop table #RunningTotal Create table #RunningTotal (id int,[Value] int) go insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (0,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (1,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (1,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (1,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (1,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (2,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (2,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (2,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (3,1) insert into #RunningTotal (id,[Value]) values (3,1) -- Step 2: Verify the test data select * from #RunningTotal -- Step 3: Running Total Computation select id, [value], sum([value]) over (order by id rows unbounded preceding) as RunningTotal ,sum([value]) over (partition by id order by id rows unbounded preceding) as RunningTotal_PerId --,sum([value]) over (partition by id order by id range unbounded preceding) as RangeOver_RunningTotal_PerId --,sum([value]) over (order by id range unbounded preceding) as RangeOver_RunningTotal_PerId from #RunningTotal
Views: 62 Siddharth Mishra
Grandparent, parent and child hierarchy SQL server or Bread Crumb
 
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In this video general concept of getting parent child records and also hierarchy bread crumb generation is done also along with this exceptions which generally comes while making recursive CTE are also discussed and showed how to solve them. To get script of table as well as queries please check link below: http://www.techsapphire.in/index/grandparent_parent_and_child_hierarchy_sql_server_or_bread_crumb/0-170
Views: 15174 techsapphire

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