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PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4307 radhikaravikumar
SQL tutorial 74: SQL COALESCE Function In oracle Database Manish Sharma
 
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Third tutorial in SQL Null Series. Coalesce Null function with example in oracle Database. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-coalesce Previous Tutorial ► NVL https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ► NVL2 https://youtu.be/SCwc0HcS1-U ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 26649 Manish Sharma
SQL 12c Tutorial 13  : SQL General Functions NVL , NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE
 
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SQL 12c General Functions NVL , NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE SQL 12c Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL 12c Tutorial NVL NVL2 NULLIF COALESCE
Views: 726 TechLake
Oracle interview question difference between null functions
 
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Difference between NVL,NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE NVL function will check whether the first input parameter is null, if first input parameter is null then the function returns the second parameter value as output. NVL2 function will check the first parameter, and return second parameter if the first parameter is not null, otherwise returns third parameter. NULLIF will compare the input parameters ( first and second parameter ), and returns NULL of both are same, otherwise returns the first parameter value. COALESCE, returns the first not null expression in the given input parameters. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- List of all the SQL and PLSQL interview questions https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/p/oracle-sql-plsql-interview-questions.html
Views: 262 Siva Academy
SQL tutorial 72: NVL SQL NULL function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Part 1: SQL Null Function NVL learn the concepts of NVL null function in this tutorial with examples and all the Interview concepts covered ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/nvl-sql-null-function Previous Tutorial ► LPAD & RPAD Functions https://youtu.be/nPtbuHPCN6E ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 24827 Manish Sharma
SQL Q & A Part 3 - NULL Functions NVL, NVL2, NULLIF, DECODE, & COALESCE
 
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NULL is a keyword used to represent ‘unknown’ or ‘missing’ data. NULL is not ‘zero’ or ‘blank’. SQL NULL functions are used to validate it. Explained NVL(), NVL2(), NULLIF(), DECODE() & COALESCE() in detail with examples SQL Interview Q & A Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t2qoqI5TjSk&list=PLSo-SnVTqbBLavDdG89zpQZDWkoEc9LP_ LINUX Interview Q & A Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1WEZqImoxzs&list=PLSo-SnVTqbBIBjEhxwRV3hbYmfXOWiYmR Technology You Must Know Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9FPrr1f2yjo&list=PLSo-SnVTqbBK4qk42HRrawr17mBITQmJd
Views: 1012 Shivanand V
Oracle Function NVL Function
 
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Go to below link to get source code of video https://justinclick.blogspot.in/
Views: 1765 Just1click
operator in oracle database and used NVl شرح عربي
 
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operator in oracle database and used NVl how to use nvl in arabic
Views: 284 AbuBakr Alshujary
Oracle Database Tutorial - SELECT Operators - DECODE, CASE, NVL, NVL2, SUM, COUNT etc
 
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This video tutorial on Oracle database provides detailed information on various operators used in SELECT statements. You can visit Oracle Database related videos here : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cDqlT7O8H0Q&list=PLRt-r4QiDOMfMmVU-8145pLcBxIdvAt8f&index=1 Website: http://guru4technoworld.wix.com/technoguru Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/a2zoftech/ Blog: http://dronatechnoworld.blogspot.com
Views: 82 Sandip M
Oracle Single Row Functions, NVL, COALESCE
 
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Oracle Single Row Functions, NVL, COALESCE, Date Functions, What is NVL Function in Oracle, what is Oracle Single Row Functions Oracle Single Row Functions NVL
Oracle COALESCE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-coalesce/ The COALESCE function in Oracle allows you to input one or many values and return a value that is not NULL. You provide it with a series of values, and it returns the first of thsoe values which are not NULL. The syntax of the Oracle COALESCE function is: COALESCE(expr1, expr2 [, expr_n]) These parameters are: Expr1: the first expression to check for a NULL value. If it’s NULL, the function checks the next parameter. If not, then this value is returned. Expr2: the second expression to check for a NULL value, if the first expression is NULL. If this is NULL, then the next expression is checked, otherwise this value is returned. Expr_n: More expressions can be added and checked in case both expr1 and expr2 are null. Only the first two expressions are needed. The first non-NULL expression is returned. But, if all expressions are NULL, then NULL is returned. One way I’ve recently used this was to find out what phone number to display. A query looked at the mobile number and returned that, but if it was NULL it looked at the home phone and returned that, but if that was NULL it looked to the business phone number. That query looked like this: COALESCE(mobile_phone, home_phone, business_phone) For more information about the Oracle COALESCE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-coalesce/
Views: 499 Database Star
Função Oracle NVL e NVL2
 
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Acesse o desafio: http://novidades.aprendaplsql.com/15-dias-de-funcoes-oracle Códigos apresentados na aula SELECT first_name, commission_pct FROM hr.employees; SELECT first_name, NVL(commission_pct, 0) FROM hr.employees; SELECT first_name, NVL(commission_pct, 'Sem Comissão') FROM hr.employees; SELECT STREET_ADDRESS, NVL(STATE_PROVINCE, 'Sem Estado') FROM hr.locations WHERE STATE_PROVINCE is NULL; SELECT STREET_ADDRESS, NVL(STATE_PROVINCE, 0) FROM hr.locations WHERE STATE_PROVINCE is NULL; SELECT first_name, NVL(manager_id, 'Sem Chefe') FROM hr.employees; SELECT distinct NVL(commission_pct, 0) FROM hr.employees; SELECT distinct NVL(commission_pct, 0) FROM hr.employees WHERE commission_pct is NULL; SELECT STREET_ADDRESS, NVL2(STATE_PROVINCE,'Com Estado', 'Sem Estado') FROM hr.locations WHERE STATE_PROVINCE is NULL; https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLMaqczuL07LkjrX6Rvx6TdNM-1nbUKG8p
Views: 2502 Aprenda PL/SQL
COALESCE IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video is the 4th video in the series of 'working with null', this video explains the working of the coalesce function in oracle sql. Also the video explains the use of coalesce function in oracle sql queries by perfect simple and easy to understand examples. COALESCE returns the first non-null expr in the expression list. You must specify at least two expressions. If all occurrences of expr evaluate to null, then the function returns null. Oracle Database uses short-circuit evaluation. The database evaluates each expr value and determines whether it is NULL, rather than evaluating all of the expr values before determining whether any of them is NULL. If all occurrences of expr are numeric datatype or any non numeric datatype that can be implicitly converted to a numeric datatype, then Oracle Database determines the argument with the highest numeric precedence, implicitly converts the remaining arguments to that datatype, and returns that datatype.
Views: 999 Kishan Mashru
PL/SQL Tutorial | COALESCE Function in Oracle Database
 
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Learn fetching all non-null expression using oracle Coalesce function with example. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. Coalesce function in Oracle, What is coalesce function, When to use coalesce function, How to use coalesce function in oracle, How to fetch non-null values in oracle using coalesce, Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
NVL FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This video is the 1st video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql', the video demonstrates the purpose and use of NVL function in oracle with perfect and easy to understand example. The NVL function is used to replace NULL values by another value.
Views: 1508 Kishan Mashru
COALESCE Function in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: COALESCE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function returns the first non-null expression in the list. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function is: coalesce( expr1, expr2, ... expr_n ) PARAMETERS: expr1 to expr_n are the expressions to test for non-null values. EXAMPLE: The COALESCE function can be used in Oracle/PLSQL. You could use the coalesce function in a SQL statement as follows: SELECT COALESCE( address1, address2, address3 ) result FROM suppliers; The above COALESCE function is equivalent to the following IF-THEN-ELSE statement: IF address1 is not null THEN result := address1; ELSIF address2 is not null THEN result := address2; ELSIF address3 is not null THEN result := address3; ELSE result := null; END IF; The COALESCE function will compare each value, one by one. Lets apply the same to emp table. We have some NULL values in comm and mgr columns. but not in any other columns. So lets take a example for this 2 columns. COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) Here if comm is null, function returns mgr value. If mgr is null it returns sal value! Query used in video: SELECT ename,comm,mgr,sal,COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) result FROM emp;
Views: 6304 WingsOfTechnology
NVL2 FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This video is the 2nd video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql' , the video explains and demonstrates the use of nvl2 function in oracle sql with simple and easy to understand example.
Views: 1589 Kishan Mashru
Introduccion al lenguaje SQL - Las funciones NVL, NVL2 y NULLIF (29)
 
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Seguimos viendo más funciones que nos provee la base de datos Oracle. Potencia el uso del lenguaje SQL con las funciones NVL, NVL2 y NULLIF. Recuerda suscribirte a nuestro cananl de YouTube.
Views: 2243 Asteriscoo Mas
Oracle NVL Function Explained with Examples
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/ The Oracle NVL function allows you to check a value and return a different value if that value is NULL. It’s great for using another value if the first one is NULL or an optional value, for example people’s phone numbers. It’s also good alongside aggregate functions and grouping so you can see what the difference is between a subtotal row and an actual NULL value. The syntax of the Oracle NVL function is: NVL( check_value, replace_value ) The parameters are: - check_value (mandatory): This is the value that is displayed to the user. It is also the value that is checked for NULL. - replace_value (mandatory): This is the value that appears if the check_value is NULL. The function can use many different data types as parameters: string, date, or numeric. However, both parameters need to be the same type. For more information about the Oracle NVL function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/
Views: 272 Database Star
Using Select (6) and Decode,NVL,ROUND,TRUNC,MONTHS_Between,SubStr,Instr
 
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Beginner lessen for Oracle statement with Single row function
Views: 1562 Harith Jawad
SQL tutorial 73: NVL2 SQL null function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Part 2: SQL Null Function NVL2 learn the concepts of NVL null function in this tutorial with examples and all the Interview concepts covered ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/nvl2-null-function Previous Tutorial ► NVL function https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 21362 Manish Sharma
NVL Function in SQL Query
 
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NVL(): The Oracle/PLSQL NVL function lets you substitute a value when a null value is encountered. Syntax: NVL( string1, replace_with ) Arguments: string1 is the string to test for a null value. replace_with is the value returned if string1 is null. Example: Let's look at some Oracle NVL function examples and explore how you would use the NVL function in Oracle/PLSQL. For example: select NVL(comm, 'n/a') from emp; The SQL statement above would return 'n/a' if the 'comm' field contained a null value. Otherwise, it would return the 'comm' value. Lets have a look on emp table. Here for manager and comm columns we have null data. In output, I am getting null values. By using NVL function i can omit these null values in output.
Views: 4863 WingsOfTechnology
ORACLESQL10 - null, nvl, coalesce
 
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Kod SQL: http://pastebin.com/VpK7RmWL Przykłady zapytań do tabel z wartościami null tzn. brakiem danych, COALESCE, NVL, NULL w Oracle jako pusty tekst.
Introduction to NULLIF, ISNULL, and COALESCE in SQL Server 2005/2008
 
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This video is part of LearnItFirst's Writing Queries for SQL Server (2005/2008 Edition) course. More information on this video and course is available here: http://www.learnitfirst.com/Course160 In the previous video Scott highlighted the three different ways to deal with NULLs in expressions. In this video each of these different methods, NULLIF, ISNULL, and COALESCE will be detailed and demonstrated. Highlights from this video: - NULLIF - ISNULL - COALESCE - Syntax - Difference between COALESCE and ISNULL and much more...
Views: 17464 LearnItFirst.com
SQL 21 NVL function Ae47
 
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Use of NVL in oracle to deal with null values
Views: 1206 hammadshams
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 25 - COALESCE  function
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 25 - COALESCE function explained.In This Oracle SQL Tutorial for Beginners, I have explained basics of SQL.These examples work on Oracle 10g and Oracle 11g database. These helps youto understand Oracle Joins and helps beginners. Iam going to add more tutorials on Oracle DBA, Oracle RAC and Oracle PL/SQL.All Oracle sql tutorial with examples are executed on Oracle 11g using Oracle SQL Developer.
Views: 3063 Just Channel
SQL Tutorial : Difference Between NVL and NVL2 functions in sql
 
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SQL Tutorial : Difference Between NVL and NVL2 functions in sql SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 747 TechLake
PL/SQL: Coalesce Function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of coalesce function in oracle SQL. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2805 radhikaravikumar
NULLIF FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This video is the 3rd video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql', the video demonstrates the use of NULLIF function in oracle sql, and how we can use it in day to day coding time. The video explains the function with perfect easy to understand example.
Views: 1349 Kishan Mashru
Tutorial 44 : NULL in Oracle || NVL() Explained
 
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Hi Friends! Here we are learning about what is NULL in Oracle. How we can deal with NULL Values. How NVL() Function helps us with NULL Value. Hope the concept and example would be clear to you. For any help or issue, let me know in comment box. Thanks, Happy Coding.
Views: 76 YourSmartCode
Differences between ISNULL and NULLIF - sql server interview questions
 
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Hi friends, in this session I am gonna discuss the differences between ISNULL and NULLIF. Both ISNULL and NULLIF are built in system functions in sql server. Lot of people get confused between these 2 system functions. Lets discuss about each of these system functions separately so that you will get better idea. 1st lets discuss about ISNULL. ISNULL: ISNUL is a system function which replaces NULL with the specified replacement value. The functionalityof ISNULL is : 1. 1st it will Evaluate the expression which is in parameter 1. 2. it will compare the evaluated expression with null. if the paramter 1 = NULL ? 3. If parameter1 is equal to null i.e., if parameter 1 is null, then isnull function returns replacement value. if parameter1is not NULL, then ISNULL function returns parameter1 I hope we are clear on ISNULL. Lets move on to the next system function, that is NULLIF. NULLIF: NULLIF is a system function which returns a null value if the two specified expressions are equal. The functionalityof NULLIF is : 1. 1st it will Evaluate both the expression which are in parameter 1 and parameter 2. 2. next it will compare both the evaluated expressions with null. 3. If both the expressions are equal, the nullif functions returns NULL. 4. If both the expressions are not equal, the nullif functions returns 1st expression. Lets conclude the discussion with the similarities and differences between ISNULL and NULLIF Similarities: Both ISNULL and NULLIF are system functions. Syntax for Both the functions are similar Both ISNULL and NULLIF functions accepts 2 input parameters. Differences: isnull function compares 1st parameter with null.where as nullif function compares 1st parameter with 2nd parameter ISNULL function returns 2nd paramter if the 1st parameter isnull. nullif function returns null is 1st parameter = 2nd paramter. ISNULL function returns 1st paramter if the 1st parameter is not null. nullif function returns 1st paramter if 1st parameter is not equal to 2nd paramter. Thanks for watching this video. Bye , Have a good Day
Views: 7485 TheSSScreations
SQL - Row level transformations - CASE clause, nvl, nvl2, decode
 
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Connect with me or follow me at https://www.linkedin.com/in/durga0gadiraju https://www.facebook.com/itversity https://github.com/dgadiraju https://www.youtube.com/itversityin https://twitter.com/itversity
Views: 429 itversity
IS NOT NULL, IS NULL, NVL FUNCTION in oracle sql
 
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Oracle sql tutorial, How to select, retrieve rows with null values, not null values and NVL function in oracle SQL
Oracle Function Part 1   NVL Function in  [Hindi/Urdu]
 
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Go to below link to download working file of this video http://www.justinclick.blogspot.in/
Views: 1317 Just1click
Coalesce function in SQL With Example
 
05:29
Coalesce function in SQL With Example
Views: 267 Bangalore Techie
NVL2 Function in SQL Query
 
03:11
NVL2(): The Oracle NVL2 function extends the functionality found in the NVL function. It lets you substitutes a value when a null value is encountered as well as when a non-null value is encountered. Syntax: NVL2( string1, value_if_NOT_null, value_if_null ) Arguments: string1 is the string to test for a null value. value_if_NOT_null is the value returned if string1 is not null. value_if_null is the value returned if string1 is null. Queries used in video: select ename, NVL2(mgr,'Yes','No Manager') from emp; select ename,sal,NVL2(comm,'Has some value here','No Value') from emp;
Views: 1588 WingsOfTechnology
Difference Between Case and Decode
 
06:03
What is the difference between case and decode ? Important links for Oracle Developers For for SQL - PL/SQL Interview Questions Answers Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/ Download Free PLSQL Interview Books , Documents Videos from here https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/files/ Free SQL / PLSQL Video on YouTube Channel SUBSCRIBE https://www.youtube.com/c/ramguptaoracle?sub_confirmation=1 Visit oracle forms / report / SQL PLSQL blog http://oracletemple.blogspot.in/ Oracle Community Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/collection/4mW-jB Join our facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/ Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/Rameshwar275 Simply Like and Share :) Oracle SQL PLSQL FaceBook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/146487615764170/ ORACLE SQL PLSQL VIDEO LINKS What is Parameterized Cursor in Oracle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMKwHlVi6-A What is autonomous transaction in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gyvFajpfoWE What are Constraints available in Oracle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WivhdLXQklQ What is Mutation Error and How to avoid mutation. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbWNCyW18Bs 5 Effective way to delete Duplicate rows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wtTtnc87Oc What is Difference between Delete and Truncate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7b6wQ3Qumgg What are types of View available in Oracle https://www.youtube.com/edit?o=U&video_id=PN-NsSA2R-E
Views: 3848 Ram Gupta
Replace Null Value and Coalesce function in SQL Hindi Lesson 33
 
09:05
In this video we will learn how to replace null value using Isnull function, Coalesce function and case statement.
Views: 820 Vijay Mulsaniya
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle|Adv Sql | Analytical Functions Part-1 by basha
 
33:24
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NVL, NVL2 Function
 
01:45
NVL, NVL2 Function
Views: 579 Engin Kosova
32. SQL Functions - Conversion,TO_CHAR,TO_DATE,NVL & DECODE
 
17:32
TO_CHAR (datetime) converts a datetime datatype to a value of VARCHAR2 datatype in the format specified. TO_DATE functions explained. Date Functions : https://youtu.be/HtYlMRHy4Ak
Views: 1790 ProSchool
SQL Tutorial for beginners What is Coalesce Function in Oracle
 
05:10
What is Coalesce Function in Oracle How to Get First Not Null Record in SQL Coalesce function is using for to get first not null expression from list of arguments. SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 190 TechLake
DECODE FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL
 
09:36
This video tutorial explains with proper example on how to write a decode statement, this video also demonstrates how the decode statement behaves on null values and implicit datatype conversion that happens in a decode statement.
Views: 2297 Kishan Mashru
NVL and NVL2 Functions in Oracle Database
 
10:41
nvl and nvl2 in oracle, oracle nvl, difference between nvl nvl2, nvl and nvl2 in oracle with example,
Views: 17 Adam Tech