The Dutch have a saying: “God created the world, but the Dutch created the Netherlands”. Today we will see why. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Like & Share! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/averythingchannel/ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/AveryThing ----------------------------------------------------------------------- The Dutch polders are the largest land reclamation projects in the world, a true marvel of engineering which added nearly 20% of land to the country, and its fertile land makes the Netherlands the second largest exporter of food in the world. In the last episode we looked at how a large dike was constructed to block seawater from flooding the inner regions of the netherlands. In this episode we’re going to look at how parts of this inland water area was drained and turned into fertile land. While this is part of a series, you don’t need to have watched the first episode to understand this one. I try to make my videos as stand-alone as I can. Ever since the 16th century, large areas of land have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, amounting to over 50% of the country’s current land area if you include every lake ever laid dry. The process of land reclamation in the Netherlands is mainly done through Poldering. It is the process of draining water from a lake or by placing dikes around an area of water and THEN draining it until you are left with very fertile land. And this is what Lely proposed: build a dike to stop the sea water, then build smaller dikes inside this newly formed lake, and one-by-one drain the water. This land was rich in clay, could be settled, and could be farmed, which in turn meant that the Dutch government could tax them, and make A LOT of money.
Views: 479135 History Scope - Avery Thing
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Views: 2252278 Real Engineering
The Delta Works in the Netherlands (Holland) is the largest flood protection project in the world. This project consists of a number of surge barriers, for examples: 1- The Oosterscheldekering is the largest of the 13 ambitious Delta Works series of dams and storm surge barriers and it is the largest surge barrier in the world, 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) long. The dam is based on 65 concrete pillars with 62 steel doors, each 42 metres wide. It is designed to protect the Netherlands from flooding from the North Sea. 2- The Maeslantkering is a storm barrier with two movable arms; when the arms are open the waterway remains an important shipping route however when the arms close a protective storm barrier is formed for the city of Rotterdam. Closing the arms of the barrier is a completely automated process done without human intervention. The Great Wall of Louisiana https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xOWEbq6WRM Levees http://engineers-channel.blogspot.com/p/levees.html Thames Flood Barrier http://engineers-channel.blogspot.com/p/thames-flood-barrier.html MOSE Project http://engineers-channel.blogspot.com/p/mose-project.html
Views: 3834799 Largest Dams
The Netherlands has built thousands of kilometres of dykes, dunes and barriers to protect its low-lying land from the North Sea. Today, as climate change threatens a devastating rise in sea levels and more violent weather, Dutch expertise is increasingly in demand from vulnerable countries around the world. Follow us: YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCk8QrR91ss-k5X6pKgHWHaA?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 24710 News First
Water animation Amsterdam Netherlands Holland airport sea level / Wasser Animation Flughafen click here: http://amzn.to/2H3L5im
Views: 20492 SchwabTV
The Dutch Grebbe mountain, the Sint-Pieters mountain and the Vaalser mountain all have one thing in common: they're not mountains. Because geographers think a hump is only a hill until it's at least 500 metres high. The find the reason for Holland's lack of mountains, you need only look beneath your feet, to the earth's crust. It may seem steady, but actually it's always on the move. That's why there are Earthquakes and vulcanic eruptions. All this movement has torn up the earth's surface, and divided it into tectonic plates. When these plates collide, you get mountain ranges. That takes millions of years, so we don't celebrate mountain birthdays. You couldn't afford the candles, mate. These plate tectonics have given us wonderful things as The Alps, but they are also the reason Holland is flat as a pancake. Because where there are ridges, there are also flats. Our low land even used to be under water, but because the ocean was kind enough to leave us some sand and clay, we were able to build dikes. God created the Earth, but the Dutch created Holland. So, no mountains... at all... STOP THE PRESSES! As of 2010 the Caribbean island of Saba is a special municipality of the Netherlands! And that means the Kingdom finally has a proper mountain! Mount Scenery is a dormant volcano of 877 metres. Hip Hip? Saba!
Views: 52828 All things Dutch
Subscribe! The Netherlands is extremely vulnerable to flooding. So the Dutch constructed the longest dam in Europe. And it has never broken in the last 85 years. This is the story of its construction. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Like & Share! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/averythingch... Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/AveryThing ----------------------------------------------------------------------- In the past The Netherlands would flood regularly, with many early settlements built on higher ground. Between 800 and 1300 these floods were especially bad, caused by rising sea level due to a warmer climate. These floods slowly connected these lakes with the North Sea This new body of water was called the Zuiderzee, or Southern Sea. Ships could now travel freely between the North Sea and the most inner parts of what today we call the netherlands. Including this little town called Amsterdam, Becoming a major trading city, create the first stock exchange, and develop the early forms of modern capitalism. All because of these floods. The Southern Sea made the Netherlands more vulnerable to flooding. Over the centuries, the sea water would periodically sweep in and flood the surrounding areas, destroying crops, homes, and families. Something had to be done. The netherlands. Must. Be. Protected. It is at this point that we have to look at man named Cornelis Lely. Lely was born in 1854 and received an education in civil engineering at the Delft University of Technology. He began working as an engineer for the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management in The Netherlands. First helping the ministry to implement some canal-laws. Then he joined the Southern Sea Association whose goal was to close off the Southern Sea using dikes. Over the course of 5 years, he proceeded to lay out a brilliant plan that would revolutionize dike-building, permanently close off the Southern Sea against any flood, and pump dry large swaths of land to be used for agriculture. What was revolutionary was not what he wanted to build, but HOW he planned to build such a large dike; many before had tried but they never figured out HOW to do. But this idea wasn’t cheap. In fact, his plan would cost as much as the entire Dutch government budget for a whole year. To put that into perspective, The Netherlands’ government budget for 2018 is 285 billion Euro. Lely’s plan therefore also had to include a way to make A LOT of money. He wanted to pump large areas of land dry to mine clay and use the new fertile land for agriculture. We will talk more about how this part of his plan was executed in the next episode of this series, but spoiler alert: This made the Netherlands the second largest exporter of food in the world. And then two events happened that made parliament realize that they NEEDED to have this dam and these polders. The first, is world war one. While most of Europe at the time was embroiled in one of the bloodiest wars in history, the netherlands remained neutral. Furthermore, all of its neighbours were at war. This meant that food was scarce as millions now had to be fed without producing food or other products themselves. This increased the demand for food and, in a world without artificial fertilizer, lots of farmland was NECESSARY to keep one’s own population well fed… and the netherlands is a small country with a lot of people, so it DESPERATELY needed fertile land to keep its growing population fed. But the most compelling reason came in 1916. In the middle of the night, a large flood came crashing into the netherlands. The dikes… broke. Thousands of homes were damaged and destroyed. Holes of over 100 meters wide were clawed out of the dikes by the rushing water. And several counties went bankrupt trying to repair this damage. First the Dutch had to build a sturdy foundation. Ships came, day in day out, dropping millions of cubic meters of material into the sea. On the inland side, heavy stones were deposited, on the seaside, boulder clay was dropped into the sea. They were kept in place with brushwood mattresses, which in turn were held down by boulders and old concrete. Then till was collected from the sea bottom and deposited upon this foundation. Finally, the dike was finished by raising it above sea level with sand and clay. To make sure the dike was sturdy, grass was planted on top. The dikes was closed on May 28th 1932, two year earlier than expected. the Southern Sea was turned into a lake: the IJsselmeer, or IJssel Lake, named after the river IJssel which deposited its water into this new lake. And this water needed to be deposited from this newly formed lake into the sea. So at both ends of the dikes sluices were constructed to let the water flow into the sea. And as salt water was deposited into the sea, the Ijsellake slowly converted from a salt water lake into a fresh water lake.
Views: 82379 History Scope - Avery Thing
The Netherlands is sinking steadily. Almost half the country already lies at or below sea level, and the only way people can protect themselves is with flood protection programs. In Nijmegen, near the Dutch border with Germany, dredgers are about to change one of the country's oldest cities drastically. Read more: http://www.dw.de/program/european-journal/s-3065-9798
Views: 32279 DW News
ANOTHER ONE OFF THE BUCKET LIST! Ever since I heard of its existence I've wanted to check out the Delta Works Facility. With my parents in town and a car at our disposal we finally made it happen! FOLLOW ME ON SOCIAL MEDIAAAAZ: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/levinotjeanshildebrand/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Levi_Hildebrand Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/levi_hildebrand/
Views: 26706 Levi Hildebrand
Climate change is a hot topic, and sea levels are expected to rise significantly. Which countries are most at risk? Tara is here to discuss which countries are suffer from regular coastal flooding. Check out the action at http://www.revision3.com/subaru Read More: New Analysis Shows Global Exposure to Sea Level Rise http://www.climatecentral.org/news/new-analysis-global-exposure-to-sea-level-rise-flooding-18066 “Climate Central just completed a novel analysis of worldwide exposure to sea level rise and coastal flooding. We found that 147 to 216 million people live on land that will be below sea level or regular flood levels by the end of the century, assuming emissions of heat-trapping gases continue on their current trend.” Flooding Risk From Climate Change, Country by Country http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/24/upshot/flooding-risk-from-climate-change-country-by-country.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&version=HpSum&module=second-column-region®ion=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&abt=0002&abg=1&_r=0 “More than a quarter of Vietnam’s residents live in areas likely to be subject to regular floods by the end of the century.” ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Tara Long on Twitter https://twitter.com/TaraLongest Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Download the TestTube App: http://testu.be/1ndmmMq
Views: 171031 Seeker
The Netherlands is known for its polders. Approximately one third of the Netherlands lies under sea level. Dams, dikes and sluices keep the water out, and pumping stations ensure that the groundwater remains at safe levels. This water level is expressed NAP (Normaal Amsterdams Peil -- Normal Amsterdam Water Level).
Views: 57919 Zuiderzeemuseum Enkhuizen
Make sure to activate the subtitles while watching. This is a an episode from a season we directed and produced for The Traveler, a new travel series broadcasted on Al Jazeera Arabic. originally launched and broadcasted in July 2018 Check the other episodes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-ohs0RLEeNsXW5dxjRGxGJArhDSmfiof This time: The Netherlands! So tiny and though so great, an ever thriving country from the East Indies times in the Golden age to an important main hub in Europe. Mostly under sea level, the Dutch got skilled winning land and fighting water, which led to engineering masterpieces like the Delta works. A modern community where the cities are big cosy villages, people go by bike, eat stroopwafels and cheese. In the Netherlands whether you like traditional mills and clogs or mingle in easily in the hotchpotch of cultures, Gogh and Rembrandt, or a stroll along the dikes, you won’t be bored. In this episode Rotterdam, Hotel New York, it's giant port, city life and the Euromast, an airborn view over the city, The flower capital of Lisse, pittoresque Delft and the porcelain of Royal Blue Delft, Zaanstad en the historic site of De Zaanse Schans and last but no least the engineering miracle of the Deltaworks. Storytravelers team: Caspar Daniël Diederik: director Renze Roye: cinematography Jarl Piepers: cinematography Roel de Cock: editing Dylan Conor Heigh: editing Linde van Pinxteren: editing Reid Willis: music composition Sjoerd Kats: sound recording Bart van der Knaap: sound design Mark van Mameren: sound mixing Matej Lavka: colorist Eustachio Palumbo: Graphics design Pablo Apiolazza: Motion Graph Rebecca Bijker: production manager Veronique van Reekum: production assistant
Views: 924 STORYTRAVELERS
A flyover animation of cities underwater after the climate warms four degrees and the oceans rise. Global warming: effects of 2º vs 4º. President Donald Trump's policies may lock us into 4º of warming. FB for daily news: http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Clips courtesy of Climate Central: http://www.climatecentral.org/ Video edited by Robin West Produced by Bryce Plank
Views: 162344 The Daily Conversation
Make sure to activate the subtitles while watching. This is a an episode from a season we directed and produced for The Traveler, a new travel series broadcasted on Al Jazeera Arabic. originally launched and broadcasted in April 2018 Check the other episodes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-ohs0RLEeNsXW5dxjRGxGJArhDSmfiof This time: The Netherlands! So tiny and though so great, an ever thriving country from the East Indies times in the Golden age to an important main hub in Europe. Mostly under sea level, the Dutch got skilled winning land and fighting water, which led to engineering masterpieces like the Delta works. A modern community where the cities are big cosy villages, people go by bike, eat stroopwafels and cheese. In the Netherlands whether you like traditional mills and clogs or mingle in easily in the hotchpotch of cultures, Gogh and Rembrandt, or a stroll along the dikes, you won’t be bored. In this episode Amsterdam, Holland's vibrant capital, bicycle riding trough old town, Gassan Diamonds, Canal exploring by electric boat, Europe's highest swing, Vondelpark, The maritime museum, Rijksmuseum, adrenaline rush through flyboarding, the city of Alkmaar and it's cheeses. Storytravelers team: Caspar Daniël Diederik: director Renze Roye: cinematography Jarl Piepers: cinematography Roel de Cock: editing Dylan Conor Heigh: editing Linde van Pinxteren: editing Reid Willis: music composition Sjoerd Kats: sound recording Bart van der Knaap: sound design Mark van Mameren: sound mixing Matej Lavka: colorist Eustachio Palumbo: Graphics design Pablo Apiolazza: Motion Graph Rebecca Bijker: production manager
Views: 1711 STORYTRAVELERS
HELP SUPPORT NAME EXPLAIN ON PATREON: https://www.patreon.com/nameexplain TWITTER: https://twitter.com/NameExplainYT Thank you to all my Patrons for supporting the channel! Ahmad Al Enezi, Ahyan Panjwani, Alexander Miururi, Alexis Polanco-Mccabe, Alp, Amanda Groe, Amelia Ahring, Anuradha, ap, Armands Lininš, Arnand, bash_snr, Besic Arbolishvili, Cáit Doheny, Cale Alexander Haug, Carlo Eigenmann, Carmen Kohli, Chris Allen, Chris Dolan, Christopher, Christopher Beattie, Christopher Cleghorn, Christopher Perez, Cidric Lapin-Tueur, Cosmin Ciotlos, Danielle Brabazon, David Leiva, David Gorny, David Nayer, David O’Hara, deadpoetpost, Dicecursor, Dmitry Stillermann, Domagoj Peck, Dominic Strmota, Duane Bridges, Duke_Theos, Eddie, Eddie Cabaniss, Edmund Ryan, Eetu Anttila, Ekmal Sukarno, Elad, ElCallumus, Emma Talvio, Ephemeral vonHinterland, Eric Dang, Erik Kile, Extemaso Linzter, Fable Reader, Florian Fries, frodooooooooooo, Gary Kemp, Gerardo Mora, Gerzon Chon, Graycomputer, Greg Whiting, Greg Spurgin, Haitham Al Zir, Hamish Munro, Henrik Ripa, High Guy, Hilda Perander, Horace Chan, Horatio Pitt, Huub Heijnen, Ian W. Schwesinger, Jacob Raymond, Jake Goshert, Janet Neidlinger, Jasper Buan, Jeff Hilnbrand, Jessica Gore, John Hennessey, John Borowiec, John Falzon, Jon Lamar, Jonny Wolfe, Joseph, Joseph Donohue, Josh Knapp, Joshua Merchant, Juliana Tarris, Justin Lam, Justin Thomas, K, Karl Eriksson, Karolina Stanczuk, Kelly Barnes, Kenneth Sychingping, Kevin Hyle, Kevin Iga, Kevin J. Baron, Kira Cefai, Konstantin Haase, Kristian Wontroba, Kristin Glanville, Krzysztof Kulak, Kuba Barć, Larry Peterson, Libertonian, Lillian Lindsay-Lawless, Lois Zuger, Lora Dubois, Lu Eryn, Lucas Vroom, Lyle, M Almojel, Mahood M. Hasan, Marcos Torres, Marija Mikulić, Martin Schotterer, Matt Bokan, Matt D, Matthew Gallant, Matthew Grantz, Mauro Pellegrini, Max Baker, Michael Moyer, Michael Walsh, Miles Brust, Mreasyplay2, Muhammad Arman, Munir Amlani, Nathanael Arthur, Narbris, Nicholas Pardini, Noah Kern, Noam Bechhofer, Oliver Janke, Øystein Høydal, Panoat Chuchaisri, Paul Bates, Paul Canniff, Paul Winkler, Paul, Paul Matthijsse, Pavitar, Peter Aba, Philip Yip, Predrag Kovacic, prplz, Rafael, Rainy Sokhonn, Reagan Proctor, Reggie Molina, Rene Padilla, René Jossen, Ricardo Lemonache, RICHARD GRUBER, Richard Baran, Robert Griffith, Robert Herring, Robert Jones, Roland Kreuzer, Rosie Farthing, RowanU, Ryan Denny, Sam Janiszewski, Sam Marcano, Sandi, Sanjeevi Thirumurugesan, Sarin82, Sean Wedgwood, Seth Borne, Shakil Ahmed, Shay ifraimov, Shivang Gupta, Simon Galea, Simon Mikolajek, SmileyMonster26, SomeMadPoet, Søren Peterson, Spencer Smith, Steven Ellis, Steeven Lapointe, Step Back, Stephen Woods, Swarit Sohaard, Timothy M.A., Thomas Friend, Thomas Björkroth, Tien Long, Tommy Hammer, Tovly Deutsch, Trotskya, UnoriginalName, Vaibhav Kulkarni, Wendover Productions, Wesley Van Pelt, Will Fox, Yorie1234, and Mum & Dad SOURCES & FURTHER READING The Difference Between Holland & The Netherlands: https://www.holland.com/global/tourism/information/netherlands-vs-holland.htm The Provinces of The Netherlands: http://www.netherlands-tourism.com/provinces-of-the-netherlands/ Netherlands on Etymonline: https://www.etymonline.com/word/netherlands Is The Netherlands Below Sea Level?: http://www.netherlands-tourism.com/netherlands-sea-level/ Holland on Etymonline: https://www.etymonline.com/word/holland Why Are There So Many Names For Germany?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQPYkdp_7Vc Why Are People From The Netherlands Called Dutch?: http://www.dictionary.com/e/demonym/ PRONUNCIATION SOURCES Dordrecht: https://forvo.com/word/dordrecht/#nl Hout: https://forvo.com/word/hout/#nl Lord of the Land Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 624913 Name Explain
Floating houses are becoming popular in the Netherlands, where more than half of the people live below sea level.
Views: 51354 INSIDER
World leaders and scientists are meeting in Germany for COP23, the annual UN climate change conference. It comes as many parts of the world are feeling the effects of rising sea levels, extreme weather and floods. Cities are looking for ways to strengthen their defences against prospective flooding, and they are turning to the Netherlands for answers. Al Jazeera's Laurence Lee reports from Rotterdam. - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 26343 Al Jazeera English
You might have heard that the Netherlands is below sealevel. This can sound pretty scary and it is a real risk also. Overall the Netherlands have put a lot of effort in managing the water with dikes, dunes and flood barriers. Check out all the insights about this subject in this video! Make sure to like and subscribe!
Views: 1003 The Netherlands & Dutch Culture
The Afsluitdijk (English: Enclosure Dam) is a major causeway in the Netherlands. It is damming off the Waddenzee, a salt water inlet of the North Sea, from the fresh water lake of the IJsselmeer. It was constructed between 1927 and 1933 and runs over a length of 32 kilometres (20 miles) and a width of 90 m, at an initial height of 7.25 m above sea-level. The Afsluitdijk is a fundamental part of the larger Zuiderzee Works, a manmade system of dams, land reclamation and water drainage works, the largest hydraulic engineering project undertaken by the Netherlands during the twentieth century. Its main purposes are to improve flood protection and create additional land for agriculture. Beside the dam itself is also the necessary construction of two complexes of shipping locks and discharge sluices at both ends of the dike. The complex at Den Oever includes the Stevin lock and 3 series of 5 sluices for discharging the IJsselmeer into the Wadden Sea. The other complex at Kornwerderzand is composed of the Lorentz locks and 2 series of 5 sluices. In total there are 25 discharge sluices. It is necessary to routinely discharge water from the lake since it is continually fed by rivers and stream and polders draining their water into the IJsselmeer. The Afsluitdijk was Holland's first 130 kph road (1st of March 2011). March 9, 2014
Views: 92194 Stuart's TRAVEL VIDEOS
These are the top 10 countries threatened by the 6 meter sea level rise we are almost guaranteed to see in the not-too-distant future, according to the projected pace of global warming and ice melt in Greenland and Antarctica. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Sources: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/349/6244/aaa4019 http://www.climatecentral.org/news/nations-megacities-face-20-feet-of-sea-level-rise-19217 http://geology.com/sea-level-rise/ Like our page on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation Join us on Google+ https://plus.google.com/100134925804523235350/posts Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo Music: -- AudioBlocks.com -- "Space Fighter Loop" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 402477 The Daily Conversation
Seeing An Inconvenient Sequel is taking action, get tickets to see it in select theaters now & everywhere Aug. 4th: https://fandan.co/2ucigMW #BeInconvenient Please Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2dB7VTO Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/RealLifeLore Music is by Brandon Maahs. Check out his website and music by clicking this link: http://www.brandonmaahs.com/audio-reel Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/official_wh... Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RealLifeLore/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/RealLifeLore1 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/RealLifeLore/ Subreddit is moderated by Oliver Bourdouxhe Special thanks my Patrons: Conor Dillon, Donna, Michael Aufiero, Owen, Mohammed Abu Hawash, Patrick Kelley, MechanoidOrange and Greenlandia. Videos explaining things. Mostly over topics like history, geography, economics and science. We believe that the world is a wonderfully fascinating place, and you can find wonder anywhere you look. That is what our videos attempt to convey. Currently, we try our best to release one video every week. Bear with us :) Business Email: [email protected] Sources and additional reading... http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00059.1 https://climateandsecurity.org/2012/02/29/syria-climate-change-drought-and-social-unrest/ https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/techrpt83_Global_and_Regional_SLR_Scenarios_for_the_US_final.pdf http://www.pnas.org/content/110/34/13745.abstract?sid=26fd1d37-7276-46e2-9192-0931e6ebf6ab http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/spm.html http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v531/n7596/full/nature17145.html http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/0,,contentMDK:22413695~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:223547,00.html https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_climate_change_on_island_nations http://geology.com/sea-level-rise/ http://ss2.climatecentral.org/#8/38.219/-120.542?show=satellite&projections=0-RCP85-SLR&level=30&unit=meters&pois=hide https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2016/03/30/what-6-feet-of-sea-level-rise-looks-like-for-our-vulnerable-coastal-cities/?utm_term=.c3f8f3fecef6 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_level_rise https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_global_warming_on_humans http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2017/06/rising-seas-could-result-2-billion-refugees-2100 https://sealevel.nasa.gov/understanding-sea-level/projections/empirical-projections https://climate.nasa.gov/scientific-consensus/ https://climate.nasa.gov/ https://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=3741
Views: 5949691 RealLifeLore
The video zooms in on the area around Amsterdam in Netherlands, on an altitude-colored, relief-shaded map with present coastline outlined and any large cities (pop. over 250,000-300,000) marked, with the sea level rising from 135 m below present, like at the last glacial maximum, 21,000 years ago, to 65 m above present, like if all remaining ice sheets would melt, possibly 270 (cubic regression of NASA sea level data 1993-2018) - 10,000 (linear regression of post-glacial sea level) years into the future. The map is centered on 52°N 5°E, with a final 6° vertical field of vision, meaning a 1186x667 km2 area and 0.9 km/px resolution. Large cities in view (not flooded in parentheses): London, Berlin, Hamburg, Brussels, (Birmingham), Köln, Liverpool, Amsterdam, Nottingham, (Sheffield), (Frankfurt am Main), Bristol, Rotterdam, (Essen), (Dortmund), Düsseldorf, Bremen, Hannover, Leicester, (Leipzig), Duisburg, (Nürnberg), The Hague, Antwerpen, Leeds, Cardiff, Manchester, (Bochum), (Stoke-on-Trent), (Wuppertal), (Coventry), (Bielefeld), Reading, Kingston upon Hull, Preston, Bonn, (Mannheim), Newport, Southend-on-Sea, Utrecht, (Karlsruhe), (Wiesbaden), Derby, Münster, (Aachen), Mönchengladbach, (Luton), (Wolverhampton). CC BY 4.0 SeaLevelRise.se, 2018, http://sealevelrise.se, rendered using custom PERL script, ImageMagick and FFmpeg, from open geodata, the GEBCO_2014 Grid, version 20150318, and cities15000 CC BY 4.0 GeoNames, 2018. The view is also available as an interactive 3D scene at http://sealevelrise.se/en/earth_3d1/map1013.html . The video is part of the collection Post-Glacial Sea Level Rise 2, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6SgRGKF7pUy1OPJIPKJ7ed0pzIX1jF9L
Views: 21 Magnuz64
This is our Final Assignment for school. We wrote a litteral essay on the sea level rise and the cause, effects, results and more of it. As our final presentation, we wanted to be original, rather then making another powerpoint presentation like any other student; we wanted to make a video. This is the final result. This video is in Dutch; so don't even try to understand it if you are not from the Netherlands.
Views: 70 KCPWSZPS
More info about travel to the Netherlands: https://www.ricksteves.com/europe/netherlands Holland's polder land was once covered by the sea, but it was eventually encircled by dikes and dams, then drained. To pump out all that water, the Dutch used one of their leading natural resources: the wind. At http://www.ricksteves.com, you'll find money-saving travel tips, small-group tours, guidebooks, TV shows, radio programs, podcasts, and more on this destination.
Views: 71855 Rick Steves' Europe
Beelden uit de televisieserie Nederland van Boven, VPRO The Netherlands (i/ˈnɛðərləndz/; Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt] ( listen)) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of twelve provinces in North-West Europe and three islands in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague. The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as "Holland", although North and South Holland are actually only two of its provinces. The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 20% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level, and 50% of its land lying less than one metre above sea level. This distinct feature contributes to the country's name: in Dutch (Nederland), English, and in many other European languages, its name literally means "(The) Low Countries" or "Low Country". Most of the areas below sea level are man-made, caused by centuries of extensive and poorly controlled peat extraction, lowering the surface by several meters. Even in flooded areas peat extraction continued through turf dredging. From the late 16th century land reclamation started and large polder areas are now preserved through elaborate drainage systems with dikes, canals and pumping stations. Much of the Netherlands is formed by the estuary of three important European rivers, which together with their distributaries form the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Most of the country is very flat, with the exception of foothills in the far southeast and several low hill ranges in the central parts. The Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament, and the country is a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD and WTO. Together with Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Benelux economic union. The Netherlands had the tenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2011. The country is host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital". The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 13th of 157 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. In May 2011, the Netherlands was ranked as the "happiest" country according to results published by the OECD
Views: 190979 Dutch Docu Channel
An experimental farm in the Netherlands is pioneering one way to fight the effects of rising sea levels. An influx of salty ocean water threatens millions of farmers around the world. In this edition of "The Climate Diaries," Mark Phillips introduces us to the potato whisperer: Marc van Rijsselberghe, who's helping to make virtually infertile land thrive.
Views: 3561 CBS This Morning
Welcome to the View from Above! A series where we take you on a Journey to some of the most beautiful places on earth! Netherlands can be called the heart of Northern Europe. Flanked by Germany and Belgium, and sharing maritime borders with England, this small state is truly in the middle of European affairs. But, instead of conforming, Netherlands stands out and surprises all visitors with its unique traditions and customs. Its beautiful landscapes and architecture are adequately represented by an equally beautiful people. Transport yourself to the unique confines of Amsterdam, then to the dams and levees of Zeeland, before zooming above the blaze of colourful flowers in the Dutch countryside. View From Above captures Netherlands and its people by using cutting-edge DJI unmanned recreational drones, taking shots of the charming country in ways that have never been seen before. Netherlands, literally meaning “Lower Lands” in reference to the country’s height in relation to sea-level, has been home to a number of cultures and traditions. Ancient Germanic and Roman influence made way for Norman expansion. Norman rule was overthrown by the expanding Holy Roman Empire commandeered by Frankish princes, and the Franks made way for the Burgundian and Hapsburg kings who later became the dukes of Dutch estates. These dukes and princes later formed a union of sorts that was coordinated in The Hague, and thus began the golden age for the Dutch, who controlled a vast sum of wealth thanks to their great banking and trading empires. Netherlands, sometimes known by its historic name ‘Holland’, has its history of wealth and trade invested in its capital of Amsterdam. Amsterdam is a web of canals and little streets of which a multitude of different people call home. The city is a treasure trove of hidden jewels but the travelling enthusiast should definitely tick the more well known attractions like Rijksmuseum, the Anne Frank House, the Van Gogh Museum and the Red Light District off their list. If visitors are looking for a more modern Dutch city, then a visit to Rotterdam is recommended, but it’s in The Hague and Utrecht where visitors can be treated to more classical Dutch architecture and lifestyle. The Netherlands has always been known to be vertically challenged. The country does not rise much unless you travel to the far south and west, and for this reason they suffer from frequent flooding. With rising sea levels, Netherlands has needed to implement mechanisms that prevent the seas from completely submerging low lying farmlands and towns. A trip to the world renown Delta Works around Zeeland region will have every visitor marvelling at Netherland’s technical and mechanical expertise. A vast system of levees, locks, sluices, dams and tide-activated barriers stop the oceans slow advance. http://www.deltawerken.com/Deltaworks... Netherland’s lowlands are dotted with little towns and villages making their livelihoods in and amongst the damp waterways and canals. A trip to Engewormer, the marshy area north of Amsterdam, is a favourite walking and cycling destination where visitors can experience the birdlife and appealing Netherlands countryside. These kind of areas are home to Netherlands’ iconic windmills which have been pumping water off the scarce dry fields for generations. Towns closer to the coast, like that of Hellevoetsluis, have their beginnings entrenched in their watery surroundings. These cities in the mouths of canals are popular destinations for sailing and other water-sports. Netherlands is known to be a great exporter of flowers, and the gem of their flower trade is the Keukenhof gardens where flower producers have been allowed to pageant their tulip and bulb blooms for decades. Netherlands is a beauty that is a must-visit for anyone travelling to Europe. View from Above could not have made these astonishing videos without the help of the DJI unmanned recreational drones. Witness these marvellous feats of modern technology on the website: http://www.dji.com/ Can we please have standing ovations for the gallant little drone, the DJI Phantom 3: http://www.dji.com/product/phantom-3 And a courteous bow to the valiant and impressive DJI Inspire UAV: http://www.dji.com/product/inspire-1 This amazing video was shot and edited by: The Flying Mikes http://flyingmikes.com Be sure to check out the other amazing destinations in the View from Above series such as: Panama Sydney Seattle Dubai Rio Sri Lanka New Zealand Poland Japan Germany Norway Seychelles Italy Greece Vietnam Ireland Maldives
Views: 317174 View from Above
The inspiring story of the development of flood control and land reclamation in the Netherlands: the struggle of a people whose hard work, persistence and character built their country and protected their land from natural disaster. Documents the labor-intensive construction of the dikes and polders of the Zuiderzee and in the Rhine delta. Includes unique historical scenes of the founding of Lelystad on land reclaimed from the sea. Produced in 1969. Ernest Kleinberg (1910-1980) was born in Breslau, Germany. He grew up in Vienna, where he became a photographer for American news agencies and Life magazine. In March 1938 he was arrested by the Gestapo for photographing Hitler's march into Vienna. Released six weeks later thanks to pressure from American friends, he escaped to New York where he resumed photography and rescued his entire family from Nazi Austria. In the early 1950s he became a self-taught film producer. He subsequently completed more than 25 documentary movies. Click this link for other films by Ernest Kleinberg: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMeD4hqUyfUlm6ZV_UdCv0A/videos?view_as=subscriber
Views: 53551 Robert Kleinberg
Whats New - Source: The Dutch Have Solutions to Rising Seas. The World Is Watching. In the waterlogged Netherlands, climate change is considered neither a hypothetical nor a drag on the economy. Instead, it’s an opportunity. By MICHAEL KIMMELMAN. ROTTERDAM, the Netherlands — The wind over the canal stirred up whitecaps and rattled cafe umbrellas. Rowers strained toward a finish line and spectators hugged the shore. Henk Ovink, hawkish, wiry, head shaved, watched from a V.I.P. deck, one eye on the boats, the other, as usual, on his phone. Mr. Ovink is the country’s globe-trotting salesman in chief for Dutch expertise on rising water and climate change. Like cheese in France or cars in Germany, climate change is a business in the Netherlands. Month in, month out, delegations from as far away as Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, New York and New Orleans make the rounds in the port city of Rotterdam. They often end up hiring Dutch firms, which dominate the global market in high-tech engineering and water management. That’s because from the first moment settlers in this small nation started pumping water to clear land for farms and houses, water has been the central, existential fact of life in the Netherlands, a daily matter of survival and national identity. No place in Europe is under greater threat than this waterlogged country on the edge of the Continent. Much of the nation sits below sea level and is gradually sinking. Now climate change brings the prospect of rising tides and fiercer storms. From a Dutch mind-set, climate change is not a hypothetical or a drag on the economy, but an opportunity. While the Trump administration withdraws from the Paris accord, the Dutch are pioneering a singular way forward. It is, in essence, to let water in, where possible, not hope to subdue Mother Nature: to live with the water, rather than struggle to defeat it. The Dutch devise lakes, garages, parks and plazas that are a boon to daily life but also double as enormous reservoirs for when the seas and rivers spill over. You may wish to pretend that rising seas are a hoax perpetrated by scientists and a gullible news media. Or you can build barriers galore. But in the end, neither will provide adequate defense, the Dutch say. And what holds true for managing climate change applies to the social fabric, too. Environmental and social resilience should go hand in hand, officials here believe, improving neighborhoods, spreading equity and taming water during catastrophes. Climate adaptation, if addressed head-on and properly, ought to yield a stronger, richer state. This is the message the Dutch have been taking out into the world. Dutch consultants advising the Bangladeshi authorities about emergency shelters and evacuation routes recently helped reduce the numbers of deaths suffered in recent floods to “hundreds instead of thousands,” according to Mr. Ovink. “That’s what we’re trying to do,” he said. “You can say we are marketing our expertise, but thousands of people die every year because of rising water, and the world is failing collectively to deal with the crisis, losing money and lives.” He ticks off the latest findings: 2016 was the warmest year on record; global sea levels rose to new highs. He proudly shows off the new rowing course just outside Rotterdam, where the World Rowing Championships were staged last summer. The course forms part of an area called the Eendragtspolder, a 22-acre patchwork of reclaimed fields and canals — a prime example of a site built as a public amenity that collects floodwater in emergencies. It is near the lowest point in the Netherlands, about 20 feet below sea level. With its bike paths and water sports, the Eendragtspolder has become a popular retreat. Now it also serves as a reservoir for the Rotte River Basin when the nearby Rhine overflows, which, because of climate change, it’s expected to do every decade. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/15/world/europe/climate-change-rotterdam.html?_r=0 Be sure to visit us at Twitter http://[email protected] Feel support us by visiting our website for additional information: link: http://stayingfittoday.com whatsnewmonty
Views: 1846 WHATS NEW
Click Here To Subscribe: https://goo.gl/kzZBKg Like us on Facebook: https://goo.gl/uyd5FK Follow us on Twitter: https://goo.gl/oLCPNr Thanks for watching! Like, Share and Comment if You like! theFACTory -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- FACTS ABOUT THE NETHERLANDS 1. Holland and Netherlands are not the same. Holland is an area of 2 provinces, namely North Holland and South Holland, in the Netherlands. - Source 2. In Dutch, the 'Netherlands' means "Low Country" and it is a low country: 26% of the Netherlands’ area is below sea level. Schiphol Airport, where most foreign visitors first land in, is three meters below sea level. - Source 3. Tulip is considered national symbol (flower) of the Netherlands with over 1,500 varieties, accounting for nearly 80 percent of the world's tulips. Tulip, however, is not native to the Netherlands: it was imported from Turkey in the 16th century. During 'Tulip Mania' in the 1630s, the price of a single tulip bulb had been raised as much as a house before the economy collapsed, leaving huge crisis afterward. - Source 4. The national color is orange, taken from the House of Orange, who led the Dutch revolt against Spain and then became the Dutch royal family. The King of the Netherlands now is King Willem-Alexander ascended the throne in April 2013. He is the first Dutch king in 123 years, following three queens. - Source 5. The Netherlands was the first country in the world to legalize gay marriage in 2001. - Source 6. Prostitution is also legal in the Netherlands. However, prostitutes must not be younger than 18, and clients must not be under 16. - Source 7. Keukenhof, which means "Kitchen garden” in Dutch, also known as the Garden of Europe, is one of the largest flower gardens in the world. About 7 million flower bulbs are grown annually in the park, covering an area of 32 hectares. - Source 8. The Netherlands’ anthem, Wilhelmus, is the world’s oldest anthem with both the music and lyrics dated from the 16th century. - Source 9. The windmill is also an unofficial national symbol of the Netherlands. Together with a complicated system of draining, the windmills help keep the low land dry for habitation and cultivation. The windmills built the country – without them, Holland (the lowest but most important part of the Netherlands) would be very different today. - Source 10. The term “Go Dutch” is a joke about the practice of splitting bill when dating in Netherlands. The Dutch have two reasons for that. First is gender equality. The Dutch appreciate the gender equality very much, and they think males and females should play an equal role in a relationship. Secondly, the Dutch have a notable reputation for their thrift. However, to be clear, many visitors to the Netherlands do not think the Dutch are scrimpy at all. - Source 11. The traditional Dutch toilet has the hole situated toward the edge of the seat for 2 reasons: (1) the observation deck allows you to inspect your “deposits” for health reasons, and (2) it uses less water, which matches the Dutch style as they always care about energy efficient ideas - Source 12. The Dutch are the biggest eater of licorice in the world. 32 million kilos of licorice are consumed in the Netherlands every year. - Source 13. Bikes outnumber people in the Netherlands. There are more than 18 million bikes while there are about 17 million people. A Dutch person cycles 2.5 km a day on average, and the Netherlands has about 15,000km of bike lane with high priority for the cyclers. - Source 14. The Dutch discovered both Australia and New Zealand. They named Australia “New Holland” after the province of Holland and named New Zealand after the province of Zeeland. - Source 15. In the Netherlands, the average height of men is 184 cm, and that of women is 170 cm, making Dutch the tallest people in the world. Some believe it results from both DNA and dairy. - Source 16. A Dutch person drinks 74 liters of beer per year on average. And according to The Brewers of Europe, the Netherlands exports approximately 50% of its beer production, which is a bigger proportion than that one of any other country in the world. - Source 17. Clogs or "Klompen" are Dutch wooden shoes which have been used in the Netherlands as industrial footwear for factory workers, farmers, fishermen, artisans, etc. to protect their feet. - Source
Views: 1098909 FACTory
In the Netherlands two out of three people already live below sea level. Faced with a further rise in sea level of up to 0.8 metres, the country is developing a radical national action plan that turns three centuries of flood engineering on its head. Soft engineering allows land to be sacrificed to rivers and the sea and learning to live with flood waters rather trying to hold them back. With thanks to UNEP and the EU.
Views: 6775 tveInspiringChange
The video shows the area around Amsterdam in Netherlands, on an altitude-colored, relief-shaded map with present coastline outlined, while the sea level rises from 135 m below present, like at the last glacial maximum, to 65 m above present, like if all remaining ice sheets would melt. The map is centered on 52°N 5°E, with a 6° vertical field of vision, meaning a 1186x667 km2 area and 0.9 km/px resolution. CC BY 2018 SeaLevelRise.se, http://sealevelrise.se, rendered using custom PERL script, ImageMagick and FFmpeg, from open geodata, the GEBCO_2014 Grid, version 20150318. The view is also available as an interactive 3D scene at http://sealevelrise.se/en/earth_3d1/map1013.html . The video is part of the collection Post-Glacial Sea Level Rise, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6SgRGKF7pUxGJDaZFX42AD-WThvESlMf
Views: 43 Magnuz64
In June of 2012, the City of Norfolk, Virginia hosted a meeting with Planners from the Netherlands to discuss how the country overcame being over 25% below sea level. Recent studies find Norfolk's level of sea rise amongst the greatest on the East Coast. Norfolk leadership is exploring long term ways to preserve her current boundaries with her rivers and the Chesapeake Bay. More info: http://www.norfolk.gov/flooding/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_control_in_the_Netherlands http://www.slideshare.net/naoiseomuiri/dutch-flood-defence-presentation
Views: 3844 NorfolkTV
Global warming worries the Netherlands, much of which is below sea level. Of course, the Dutch strengthen their dikes in anticipation of rising water. But in recent years, another solution is making its way: floating homes. … READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2018/12/20/dutch-turn-to-floating-homes-to-confront-rising-sea-levels What are the top stories today? Click to watch: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSyY1udCyYqBeDOz400FlseNGNqReKkFd euronews: the most watched news channel in Europe Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronews euronews is available in 13 languages: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels In English: Website: http://www.euronews.com/news Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronews Google+: http://google.com/+euronews VKontakte: http://vk.com/en.euronews
Views: 682 euronews (in English)
Earth from Space is presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web-TV virtual studios. In this second edition, we look at a Landsat-5 image of the intertidal Wadden Sea and reclaimed lands in the Netherlands. ESA has recently opened archived Landsat data for use by the scientific community, free of charge.
Views: 8649 European Space Agency, ESA
Drone video from Netherlands. All shots were captured on Phantom 4 Pro Plus in the late summer of 2018. The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Netherlands' literally means 'lower countries', referring to its low land and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level. Most of the areas below sea level are the result of land reclamation beginning in the 16th century, resulting in large areas known as polders that amount to nearly 17% of the country's territory. Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ondra__cervenka/
Views: 505 Ondra Červenka
The video is about how the climate change and the water affects The Netherlands and how the people have been able to create all these constructions and water defences in order to keep the land safe from the water. I have created an animation explaining the situation from my point of view with drawings using simple shapes and colorful designs so that it is easy to understand and suited for people of all ages
Views: 590 Teresa Millan
Dutch Sea Barriers // An example of Dutch sea defence know-how that has // Dutch storm surge barriers // Dutch water management // Holland sea barrier // Holland's Barriers to the Sea // Most of Holland is below sea level, the nation a drainage basin for three major rivers // Dutch Sea Barriers
Views: 23579 Rocc Pro 2
If we ask you who do you think is the World’s biggest potato exporter, you might answer America or maybe China… Those are big countries, with good soil and favourable climate. But despite all of this, the right answer would be the Netherlands, commonly known as Holland. In fact, they are the biggest food exporter right after the United States. This is surprising given that Netherlands is a really small, densely populated, wealthy country. All this features would make a country move away from the primary sector. They almost have no farming land and, having some of the most successful multinational corporations, it is counterintuitive that somebody would choose a job in a farm that one on the corporate world. Nonetheless, we can say Netherlands is the Silicon Valley of agriculture. Or, as they like to call themselves, the Food Valley. Thanks to the famous University of Wageningen, this country has combined rocket science with farming. But how did Netherlands achieve this success? What are the main keys for Dutch agriculture? What’s the secret of this little country? In this video, we will tell you all of that. And don't forget to visit our friend’s podcast, Reconsider Media: http://www.reconsidermedia.com/ Support us on Patreon! www.patreon.com/visualpolitik Special thanks to Cesar Bravo and Angel Gago, from AGQ Nutrition for helping us research this video: http://www.agq.com.es/en Interesting links: https://www.indexmundi.com/facts/indicators/AG.YLD.CREL.KG https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/09/holland-agriculture-sustainable-farming/ http://www.oecd.org/agriculture/agricultural-policies/49151098.pdf https://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Agricultural%20Economy%20and%20Policy%20Report%20-%20the%20Netherlands_The%20Hague_Netherlands_3-16-2011.pdf http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/29083/1/rr030607.pdf https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/statistics/factsheets_en Other videos from VisualPolitik: The GREEN REVOLUTION of NEW ZEALAND https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYbrWOfhtKY COSTA RICA, an ECOLOGICAL POWER in LATIN AMERICA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cWvtXoCiWXY&t=1s
Views: 443448 VisualPolitik EN
A quarter of the Netherlands is below sea level. The Dutch polders, artificial land gained on water since the end of the 16th century, now represent more than 17% of the country’s surface, with dikes up to 12 m high. The University of Utrecht predicts that due to climate change, the sea level will rise by 1.3 m on the Dutch coastline by 2100. Extreme weather events (heavy rains, hailstorms ...) are also expected to become more frequent. Traumatized by the memory of the deadly floods of 1953, when the North Sea swamped Zealand to engulf 5% of the country and caused 1,800 casualties, the Netherlands undertook a "Delta Plan" of immense public works between 1957 and 1986, mainly to protect itself from the storms coming from the sea. But climate change now raises other questions. Due to the rising sea level, large rivers (Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt ...) that cross the south of this flat country struggle to reach the coast. The flood risk now comes from the inside, all the more since the fluvial waters are swollen by more intense rainfall and the melting European glaciers. 9 million Dutch people - more than half the population - now live in flood-prone areas, where 70% of the economy is also concentrated. How are the Netherlands preparing to face this new threat? --------- Un quart de la superficie des Pays-Bas est situé sous le niveau de la mer. Les polders néerlandais, étendues artificielles de terre gagnées sur l'eau depuis la fin du XVIe siècle, représentent aujourd'hui plus de 17 % de la surface du pays, avec des digues pouvant atteindre 12 m de haut. L’Université d’Utrecht prévoit qu’en raison du changement climatique, le niveau de la mer devrait monter de 1,3 m sur le littoral néerlandais d’ici 2100. Les phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes (pluies intenses, orages de grêle…) devraient aussi devenir plus fréquents. Traumatisés par le souvenir des inondations meurtrières de 1953, lorsque la mer du Nord a submergé la Zélande pour engloutir 5 % du pays et emporter plus de 1 800 victimes, les Pays-Bas ont entrepris entre 1957 et 1986 un « Plan Delta » d'immenses travaux publics pour se protéger principalement des tempêtes venues du large. Mais le changement climatique pose aujourd’hui d’autres questions. Avec l'élévation du niveau de la mer, les grands cours d’eau (Rhin, Meuse, Escaut…) qui traversent le sud de ce plat pays peinent à atteindre la côte. Le risque de submersion vient désormais de l'intérieur, d'autant que les eaux fluviales sont grossies par des pluies plus intenses. 9 millions de Néerlandais -plus de la moitié de la population- vivent aujourd'hui dans des zones inondables, où se concentre également 70 % de l'activité économique. Comment les Pays-Bas se préparent-ils à cette nouvelle menace ?
Views: 72 Humans&ClimateChange Stories
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with some islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlandsborders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders[ with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is a parliamentary democracy organised as a unitary state. The country capital is Amsterdam and the seat of government is The Hague.The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as "Holland", although North and South Holland are actually only two of its twelve provinces. The Netherlands is a geographically low-lying country, with about 20% of its area and 21% of its population located below sea level, and 50% of its land lying less than one metre above sea level. This distinct feature contributes to the country's name: in Dutch (Nederland), English, and in many other European languages, its name literally means "(The) Low Countries" or "Low Country". Most of the areas below sea level are man-made, caused by centuries of extensive and poorly controlled peat extraction, lowering the surface by several meters. Even in flooded areas peat extraction continued through turf dredging. From the late 16th century land reclamation started and large polder areas are now preserved through elaborate drainage systems with dikes, canals and pumping stations. Much of the Netherlands is formed by the estuary of three important European rivers, which together with their distributaries form the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Most of the country is very flat, with the exception of foothills in the far southeast and several low hill ranges in the central parts. The Netherlands was one of the first countries to have an elected parliament. Among other affiliations, the country is a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD and WTO. Together with Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Beneluxeconomic union. The Netherlands had the tenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2011. The country is host to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital".The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 13th of 157 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom. In May 2011, the Netherlands was ranked as the "happiest" country according to results published by the OECD. The nation is well known for its progressive stance on many issues, with a long tradition of social tolerance.
Views: 4737 Nico Ruijter
SHOTLIST 1. Various of Rotterdam port, showing boats in dock and also boats moving 2. Various interiors of the main control room for the Rotterdam Port Authority 3. Various close-ups of the video display screen showing all areas of the port, including the two, white, arch-shaped flood barriers 4. Various of port officials 5. SOUNDBITE: (English) Tie Schellekens, Rotterdam Port Authority Spokesman: "Ten years ago we opened the flood barrier to protect the city from high water. And yesterday was for the first time that the risk was that high that the computer triggered the doors to close. So there was not a storm or something, it was a bit windy, we caught 80 metres per second. That's something usual in autumn. But the combination of northern western wind with the high water, that was something completely different. It affected the water that much that it had a height of three metres above sea level." 6. Control room 7. SOUNDBITE: (English) Tie Schellekens, Rotterdam Port Authority Spokesman: "No it was not dangerous for Rotterdam but without the flood barrier, there was certain parts of Rotterdam that could have had wet feet, and that's not something we like to have, so that's why we opened the flood barrier 10 years ago and yet we had to use them." 8. Various high wides of Rotterdam port STORYLINE: A powerful storm in the North Sea triggered tidal surges and violent winds that forced Britain and the Netherlands to activate flood defences. In the Netherlands, the Rotterdam Port Authority closed the port's flood barrier on Thursday night for the first time in its 10-year history, as sea levels off the Dutch coast rose by 3 metres. The closure of the two huge barrier gates was activated by a computer programme at around 2330 local time (22:30 GMT) on Thursday night, sealing off a 40-kilometre stretch of Europe's biggest port and closing the entrance of the River Rhine to all shipping. Rotterdam Port Authority Spokesman Tie Schellekens said it was an unusual combination of weather and tidal conditions which triggered the barrier closure. "It was a bit windy, we caught 80 metres per second. That's something usual in autumn. But the combination of northern western wind with the high water, that was something completely different. It affected the water that much that it had a height of three metres above sea level," he said. The Netherlands is particularly susceptible to flooding, as large areas of the country are reclaimed land which lies below sea level. But Schellekens added the situation was not especially serious for Rotterdam. "But without the flood barrier, there was certain parts of Rotterdam that could have had wet feet." You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/673e90e65aededdbf46a1e634c2d92de Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 1879 AP Archive